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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería ambiental
Subárea: Desarrollo sustentable

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Resultado: 84 registro(s)

19464

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780081004517

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining.

Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products.

  • Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries
  • Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels
  • Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products


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19467

Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9780857095459

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The development and deployment of membrane technologies continues to advance thanks to innovative materials and novel engineering approaches. Membranes for clean and renewable power applications introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications.

Chapters in part one introduce the utilization of membrane technology in the production of clean and renewable power and the combining of membrane processes with renewable energy technologies. Part two focusses on membranes for biofuel production and processing including membranes and membrane reactors for the production of biodiesel and second generation biofuels. Part three discusses membranes for syngas, hydrogen and oxygen production and processing. Chapters highlight steam reforming of biofuels for the production of hydrogen-rich gas A., perovskite membrane reactors, and environmental analysis of hydrogen-methane blends for transportation. Chapters in part four explore membranes for fuel cells including ceramic membranes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), microbial fuel cells, and direct bioethanol fuel cells. Finally, part five discusses membranes integrated with solar, wind energy and water-related applications including membrane technologies for solar-hydrogen production, solar-desalination plants, and the storage as methane of energy generated by wind power and other renewable sources. A final chapter introduces wastewater processing, energy conservation and energy generation.

Membranes for clean and renewable power applications is a comprehensive resource for professionals and consultants in the clean and renewable energy industry, membrane and materials scientists and professionals, and academics and researchers in the field.

  • Introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications


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19587

Mobilisation of Forest Bioenergy in the Boreal and Temperate Biomes

Challenges, Opportunities and Case Studies

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128045145

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Mobilisation of Forest Bioenergy in the Boreal and Temperate Biomes: Challenges, Opportunities, and Case Studies features input from key international experts who identify and analyze the main opportunities and roadblocks for the implementation of sustainable forest biomass supply chains in the boreal and temperate regions. It draws from responses to surveys that were sent to specialists from different countries, compares models of bioenergy deployment, and discusses different types of bioenergy carriers.

Efficiency and profitability of the supply chain are analyzed and the scale and level of confidence of feedstock inventory estimates are highlighted. Logistics and ecological and socio-economic footprints are also covered. This book provides a synthesis of the scientific and technical literature on specific aspects of forest biomass supply chains, and quantifies future potentials in comparison to estimates provided by other sources and the targets for bioenergy production set by various organizations (IEA, IPCC, etc.).

Finally, the book proposes recommendations for practitioners, policymakers, and future research. This approach makes the book especially relevant for professionals, policymakers, researchers, and graduate students in the field of bioenergy conversion and management, as well as those interested in sustainable management of natural resources.

  • Presents foundational theory, examples and lessons learned, drawing on scientific and technical literature, as well as surveys conducted among stakeholders from various countries of the boreal and temperate biomes
  • Provides best practices, insights, and recommendations through an integrative framework that encompasses various aspects of forest biomass supply chain, at different scales, and looking at a broad geographical and geopolitical range
  • Compares contrasting history, policy context, and level of forest bioenergy development in several countries through several case studies
  • Analyzes the efficiency and profitability of the supply chain, highlighting the scale and level of confidence of feedstock inventory estimates


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19589

Modeling and Analysis of Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Energy Systems

 

Academic Press, 2015.

ISBNs 9780128029695

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Wind Energy Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Control with DFIG provides key information on machine/converter modelling strategies based on space vectors, complex vector, and further frequency-domain variables. It includes applications that focus on wind energy grid integration, with analysis and control explanations with examples.

For those working in the field of wind energy integration examining the potential risk of stability is key, this edition looks at how wind energy is modelled, what kind of control systems are adopted, how it interacts with the grid, as well as suitable study approaches.

Not only giving principles behind the dynamics of wind energy grid integration system, but also examining different strategies for analysis, such as frequency-domain-based and state-space-based approaches.

  • Focuses on real and reactive power control
  • Supported by PSCAD and Matlab/Simulink examples
  • Considers the difference in control objectives between ac drive systems and grid integration systems


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19861

Novel Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology

 

Elsevier, 2015.

ISBNs 9780444632593

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology offers expert insight and experience from recognized authorities in advanced material development in carbon mitigation technology and constitutes a comprehensive guide to the selection and design of a wide range of solvent/sorbent/catalyst used by scientists globally. It appeals to chemical scientists, material scientists and engineers, energy researchers, and environmental scientists from academia, industry, and government in their research directed toward greener, more efficient carbon mitigation processes.

  • Emphasizes material development for carbon mitigation technologies rather than regulations
  • Provides a fundamental understanding of the underpinning science as well as technological approaches to implement carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies
  • Introduces the driving force behind novel materials, their performance and applications for carbon dioxide mitigation
  • Contains figures, tables and an abundance of examples clearly explaining the development, characterization and evaluation of novel carbon mitigation materials
  • Includes hundreds of citations drawing on the most recent published works on the subject
  • Provides a wealth of real-world examples, illustrating how to bridge nano-scale materials to bulk carbon mitigation properties


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19882

Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters

State-of-the-Art Techniques for Single Devices and Arrays

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128032107

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters: State-of-the Art Techniques for Single WEC and Converter Arrays presents all the information and techniques required for the numerical modelling of a wave energy converter together with a comparative review of the different available techniques. The authors provide clear details on the subject and guidance on its use for WEC design, covering topics such as boundary element methods, frequency domain models, spectral domain models, time domain models, non linear potential flow models, CFD models, semi analytical models, phase resolving wave propagation models, phase averaging wave propagation models, parametric design and control optimization, mean annual energy yield, hydrodynamic loads assessment, and environmental impact assessment.

Each chapter starts by defining the fundamental principles underlying the numerical modelling technique and finishes with a discussion of the technique’s limitations and a summary of the main points in the chapter. The contents of the chapters are not limited to a description of the mathematics, but also include details and discussion of the current available tools, examples available in the literature, and verification, validation, and computational requirements. In this way, the key points of each modelling technique can be identified without having to get deeply involved in the mathematical representation that is at the core of each chapter.

The book is separated into four parts. The first two parts deal with modelling single wave energy converters; the third part considers the modelling of arrays; and the final part looks at the application of the different modelling techniques to the four most common uses of numerical models. It is ideal for graduate engineers and scientists interested in numerical modelling of wave energy converters, and decision-makers who must review different modelling techniques and assess their suitability and output.

  • Consolidates in one volume information and techniques for the numerical modelling of wave energy converters and converter arrays, which has, up until now, been spread around multiple academic journals and conference proceedings making it difficult to access
  • Presents a comparative review of the different numerical modelling techniques applied to wave energy converters, discussing their limitations, current available tools, examples, and verification, validation, and computational requirements
  • Includes practical examples and simulations available for download at the book’s companion website
  • Identifies key points of each modelling technique without getting deeply involved in the mathematical representation


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19921

Offshore Wind

A Comprehensive Guide to Successful Offshore Wind Farm Installation

 

2nd ed. Academic Press, 2014.

ISBNs 9780124104228

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Offshore Wind is the first-ever roadmap to successful offshore wind installation. It provides a ready reference for wind project managers, teaching them how to deal with complications on-site, as well as for financers, who can utilize the text as an easy guide to asking the pivotal questions of petitioning wind project developers. These developers' planning stages will be improved by the book's expert advice on how to avoid wasting money by scoping out and mitigating potential problems up-front. Wind turbine manufacturers will benefit from insights into design optimization to support cheaper installation and hauling, thereby incurring lower project costs, and helping developers establish a quicker route to profitability. The book sheds light not just on how to solve a particular installation difficulty, but delves into why the problem may best be solved in that way.

  • Enables all stakeholders to realize cheaper, faster, and safer offshore wind projects
  • Explains the different approaches to executing on- and offshore projects, highlighting the economic impacts of the various financial and operational choices
  • Provides practical, proven advice on how tough challenges can be overcome, using real-life examples from the author’s experiences to illustrate key issues


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19922

Offshore Wind Farms

Technologies, Design and Operation

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780081007792

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides the latest information on offshore wind energy, one of Europe’s most promising and quickly maturing industries, and a potentially huge untapped renewable energy source which could contribute significantly towards EU 20-20-20 renewable energy generation targets.

It has been estimated that by 2030 Europe could have 150GW of offshore wind energy capacity, meeting 14% of our power demand. Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging technologies, design, and operation of offshore wind farms.

Part One introduces offshore wind energy as well as offshore wind turbine siting with expert analysis of economics, wind resources, and remote sensing technologies. The second section provides an overview of offshore wind turbine materials and design, while part three outlines the integration of wind farms into power grids with insights to cabling and energy storage. The final section of the book details the installation and operation of offshore wind farms with chapters on condition monitoring and health and safety, amongst others.

  • Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor, comprehensive overview of offshore technologies, including design, monitoring, and operation
  • Edited by respected and leading experts in the field, with experience in both academia and industry
  • Covers a highly relevant and important topic given the great potential of offshore wind power in contributing significantly to EU 20-20-20 renewable energy targets


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20076

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Principles and Applications

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9781782422464

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors.

Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation.

  • Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate.
  • Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology.
  • Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.


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25627

Policy and Economics of Managed Aquifer Recharge and Water Banking

Vol. Special Issue

 

MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2015.

Título de la serie/colección: Water. ISSN 2073-4441,

ISBNs 9783038420934 9783038420941

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) and water banking is a growing field of endeavor in water resources management. It is used to buffer against drought, changing climate and demand growth by making use of excess surface water supplies and recycled waters. Institutions that perform the necessary permitting and monitoring are required so that a region’s groundwater quantity and/or quality management can be furthered through MAR. While several jurisdictions have frameworks in place, many do not. Lack of an enabling policy and governance frameworks limits the realization of MAR benefits. Limited analysis of the economics of MAR has also inhibited development of and investment in MAR programs. This special edition of the ‘Water’ Journal is designed to fill the analysis void by including papers on the policy and economics of MAR and water banking. The information and analyses are intended to contribute to the development and implementation of effective MAR programs.


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