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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería ambiental
Subárea: Desarrollo sustentable

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Resultado: 84 registro(s)

27229

Gérer les changements climatiques. Climat, croissance, développement et équité

 

Collège de France, 2010.

ISBNs 9782213655048 9782722600973

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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18532

Green Trading Markets

Developing the Second Wave

 

Elsevier, 2005.

ISBNs 9780080446950

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The United States accounts for 25% of the Global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. To keep pace with growing electricity demands, the U.S and developing countries are turning more to coal-fired generation with correspondingly greater GHG emissions and other forms of pollution. Therefore, it is imperative to focus on what can be done to reverse this trend. At the same time, technologies for renewable energy generation and energy efficiency are available, and increasingly, these are being deployed on a cost-competitive basis. Environmental financial trading and the markets offer a solution and a way forward through Green Trading!

Environmental financial trading began in the U.S in 1995 and has since spread to many countries. Green Trading Markets provides valuable information on continued U.S innovations in the context of the global development of green commodity markets.

* New ways of leveraging existing assets.
* New revenue streams and new opportunities for commodity trading.
* various approaches to improving management of greenhouse gases.
* Maximising renewable enegy sources


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18538

Ground-Source Heat Pumps

Fundamentals, Experiments and Applications

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128042205

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Ground-Source Heat Pumps presents the theory and some of the most recent advances of GSHPs and their implementation in the heating/cooling system of buildings. The authors explore the thermodynamic cycle with calculation, operation regimes and economic indicators and GHG emissions of a vapor compression heat pump. They go on to examine substitution strategies of non-ecological refrigerants and types of compressors and heat pumps, before delving into the different GSHP systems, as well as their compared economic, energy and environmental performances using classical and optimized adjustment for various operating modes. Surface water heat pumps and ground water heat pumps are covered, and special focus is given to both vertical and horizontal ground-coupled heat pump systems, for which modelling and simulation is discussed, and experimental systems are described. Due to its advanced approach to the subject, this book will be especially valuable for researchers, graduate students and academics, and as reference for engineers and specialists in the varied domains of building services.

  • Explores fundamentals and state-of-the-art research, including ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems.
  • Includes performance assessment and comparison for different types of GSHP, numerical simulation models, practical applications of GSHPs with details on the renewable energy integration, information on refrigerants, and economic analysis.


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24359

Groundwater Quantity and Quality

 

MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2016.

Título de la serie/colección: Resources. ISSN 2079-9276,

ISBNs 9783038422051 9783038422051

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Groundwater is an essential component of the water cycle and is a critical resource for much of the world’s population. On a planet where demand for groundwater and other resources is ever increasing, issues of groundwater quantity and quality are a major focus in many regions of the world. This Special Issue will provide an overview of topics that focus on either groundwater quantity or quality issues that are relevant on regional or national scales. Examples of groundwater quantity issues include long-term groundwater sustainability, interactions between groundwater and ecosystem function, etc. Water quality issues could include effects on water quality from overexploitation of groundwater, contamination from petroleum, and mineral resource development, etc.


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22599

Herausforderung Energie

Ausgewählte Vorträge der 126. Versammlung der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte e.V.

 

Edition Open Access, 2011.

Título de la serie/colección: Proceedings 1: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge.

ISBNs 9783844205015

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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21283

Hydrogen Energy Transition, The

Moving Toward the Post Petroleum Age in Transportation

 

Academic Press, 2004.

ISBNs 9780126568813

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The Hydrogen Energy Transition addresses the key issues and actions that need to be taken to achieve a changeover to hydrogen power as it relates to vehicles and transportation, and explores whether such a transition is likely, or even possible. Government agencies and leaders in industry recognize the need to utilize hydrogen as an energy source in order to provide cleaner, more efficient, and more reliable energy for the world’s economies. This book analyzes this need and presents the most up-to-date government, industry, and academic information analyzing the use of hydrogen energy as an alternative fuel.

With contributions from policy makers and researchers in the government, corporate, academic and public interest sectors, The Hydrogen Energy Transition brings together the viewpoints of professionals involved in all aspects of the hydrogen-concerned community. The text addresses key questions regarding the feasibility of transition to hydrogen fuel as a means of satisfying the world’s rapidly growing energy needs. The initiatives set forth in this text will mold the research, development and education efforts for hydrogen that will assist in the rapidly growing transportation needs for automobiles and other vehicles.

* Presentations by the world's leaders in government, industry and academia

* Real-world solutions for the world's current fuel crisis.

* Endorsed by the University of California Transportation Center and Transportation Research Board


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19022

Integrated Renewable Energy for Rural Communities

Planning Guidelines, Technologies and Applications

 

Elsevier, 2004.

ISBNs 9780444510143

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): More than two billion people worldwide have currently no access to grid electricity or other efficient energy supply. This is one third of humanity and the majority live in rural areas. The productivity and health of these people are diminished by reliance on traditional fuels and technologies, with women and children suffering most. Energy is the key element to empower people and ensure water, food and fodder supply as well as rural development. Therefore access to energy should be treated as the fundamental right to everybody. Renewable energy has the potential to bring power, not only in the literal sense, to communities by transforming their prospects.

This book offers options that meet the needs of people and communities for energy and engage them in identifying and planning their own provision. It describes updated renewable energy technologies and offers strategies and guidelines for the planning and implementation of sustainable energy supply for individuals and communities.


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19095

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo-detector Devices

 

Academic Press, 2014.

ISBNs 9780124166493

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

New Approaches to Light Trapping in Solar Cell Devices discusses in detail the use of photonic and plasmonic effects for light trapping in solar cells. It compares and contrasts texturing, the current method of light-trapping design in solar cells, with emerging approaches employing photonic and plasmonic phenomena. These new light trapping methods reduce the amount of absorber required in a solar cell, promising significant cost reduction and efficiency.

This book highlights potential advantages of photonics and plasmonics and describes design optimization using computer modeling of these approaches. Its discussion of ultimate efficiency possibilities in solar cells is grounded in a review of the Shockley-Queisser analysis; this includes an in-depth examination of recent analyses building on that seminal work.


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19300

Low-carbon Energy Security from a European Perspective

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128029701

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Low-Carbon Energy Security from a European Perspective draws on the European Commission‘s funded project MILESECURE-2050. It considers low-carbon energy security and energy geopolitics in Europe, with a focus on four thematic clusters: challenging the energy security paradigm; climate change and energy security objectives (the components of a secure and low-carbon energy system); energy security in a geopolitical perspective, as it relates to economics, resource competition, and availability; and the influence of large scale renewable energy projects on energy security and shifting geopolitical alliances.

An overarching narrative is that optimizing the energy system simultaneously across different objectives may be impossible, i.e., lowest cost, least environmental impact, minimal downtime, regional supply. This book explores these charged topics through insights from a series of novel, new energy project case studies, and demonstrates the need for difficult political conversations within Europe and beyond by posing fundamental yet new questions about the energy security paradigm.

  • Offers a unique perspective on low-carbon energy security by considering the assumptions behind current energy security needs
  • Suggests the benefit of envisioning energy security through out-of-the-box scenario development with respect to the energy system
  • Includes energy in an international scenario with case studies from Africa, Russia, Ukraine, Morroco, China, South America, and Europe
  • Draws on the European Commission‘s funded project MILESECURE-2050


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19348

Managing Water on China's Farms

Institutions, Policies and the Transformation of Irrigation Under Scarcity

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128051641

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Managing Water on China's Farms: Institutions, Policies and the Transformation of Irrigation under Scarcity is a comprehensive and current look at the water shortage problems in China. While China has emerged as a major player in the world economy, water is the most critical factor that limits the country’s further growth. China’s growing water problems also have a large impact worldwide, with public health as well as economic impacts. If China were to rely heavily on food produced outside of China, the massive volume of food imports would raise food prices internationally. This book examines a series of water issues, beginning with a description of the water shortage problems in China, particularly in the northern part of the country. It then looks at the government and farmers' responses and whether past policies have been effective in resolving the water problems.

Managing Water on China’s Farms documents the change of existing and new water management institutional forms over time and across provinces throughout northern China, and then assesses the impacts of these changes in the rural sector. Finally, it examines potential solutions that the research has uncovered, answering the question: Who can build the bridge over China’s troubled waters? Using analyses from information collected firsthand in China’s rural villages, the series of surveys covers diverse geographic regions that are representative of north China and includes perspectives from multiple stakeholders such as village leaders, water managers, and farmers. The policy-oriented research and rich analysis in this book make it of interest to both policy makers and researchers with a focus on China water problems. This book can also be used in a Master or Ph.D. level resource economics course.

  • Uses case studies including problem, factors, proposed solutions, and pros and cons of each to facilitate translational learning and application
  • Uses analyses of firsthand data collected from sources of irrigation water, irrigation systems, and water users
  • Covers governance and operation and maintenance (O and M) practices
  • Provides an informative, quantitative, and rigorous analysis of survey results
  • Provides practical and valuable data, including the detailed micro-level data that enables estimating strategies


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