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Resultado: 210 registro(s)

717

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Cultural Heritage in a Changing World

 

1st ed. Springer International Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 978-3-319-29542-8 978-3-319-29544-2

Colección: SpringerLink

Licencia de uso: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s)


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7977

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Damous-el-Karita

 

Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut, 2001.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 3900305323

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Two seasons of excavation (1996 and 1997) have been completed at the "subterranean rotunda" southeast of the Basilica Damous-el-Karita on the outskirts of ancient Carthage (Blg. 1/15, 16; Blg. 3; Abb. 1). 'Me purpose of the present study was re-evaluate the structures, construction period, finiction and wider significance of what was undoubtedly one of the most important Christian pilgrimage complexes in Norther Africa. The rectangular structure, which connected the basilica to the rotunda and has been seen as a porticus-fi-amed court turned out to be a three-aisled, basilica-Eke hall without an apse. The date of construction could be put at late fourth/early fifth century AD. Subsequently the structurre had been substantially rebuilt in two phases, firstly sometime between 530/565 AD and secondly at the end of the 6th to the beginning of the 7th century AD. A search of the literary sources allows one to tentatively suggest that the church-complex, known under its toponym "Damous-el-Kafita", could well be the celebrated basilica Fausti (Teil 1. 4). After the reconquista of Northerm Africa under the reign of emperor Justinian in 533 large hall (52 in by 30 in) was transformed. This transformation involved extensive rebuilding. To the north an atrium had been added. Whilst the eastern and western aisles were now Ranked by a rebuilt series of small rooms used as burial - cubicula (Blg. 1/14; Abb. 15). There is evidence for another renovation of the hall at the end of the 6th to the beginning of the 7th century by the construction of unsymmetrically situated ciborium foundations (BIg. 1/14), that refer to a one meter higher floor level. The rotunda was built no earlier than the second third of the 6th century, taking over the area of a pagan cemetery (Teil M. 3; Abb. 20), and is to be seen as an architectural mixtum compositurn (Teil M; BIg. 1, Blg. 3). As a Justinianic annex to the restored pilgrimage complex, the building typologically consists of a sigma (semicircular forecourt surrounded by a porticus; Tail 111. 4; Blg. 1/16), a martyriurn of the central type (groundfloor-ordtory possibly with an opaion; Teil Ill. 6; Abb. 86, Abb. 92) and a circular hall-crypt (sanctuary, Teil M. 5; Abb. 53, Abb. 59). Lateral, counterrotating staircases connect the different parts of the martyrium and are designed for massive pilgrimcirculation. 'Me centre of the crypt formed a ciborium of yellow Numidian marblestone, protecting the lost reliquary-shrine. The topography, metrological conception (reil Ill. 8; Abb. 96), architectural design and principle of pilgimage-circulation discussed above, suggests that this building was the spiritual center of the early Byzantine, orthodox pilgrimage complex of Damous-el-Karita. The design and the construction of the building suggest that the architect was from the Eastern pails of the empire, whilst the building force were native to Carthage. The nexus of a rotunda with a sigma, can typologicaly be traced back to 5th century AD palace-architecture in Constantinople. Elsewhere such a design is unknown. The realisation of a congruent plan of groundfloor and hall-crypt is until now unique in late antique architecture. As with the basilical hall, the groundfloor building of the martyrium was restyled and enlarged at the end of the 6th or at the beginning of 7th century AD by the creation of an ambulatory. The building seems to have fallen out of use some time around the end of that century. To sum up, the subterranean rotunda behind the basilica Damous-elKarita in Carthage was a two-perioded, early Byzantine martyriurn of the central type and the religious centre of the largest pilgrimage complex so far discovered in Carthage.


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27018

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Daniel Schlumberger. L’Occident à la rencontre de l’Orient

 

Presses de l’Ifpo, 2010.

ISBNs 9782351591611 9782351593004

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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21908

Degei's Descendants

Spirits, Place and People in Pre-Cession Fiji Vol. 41

 

ANU E Press, 2014.

Título de la serie/colección: Terra Australis.

ISBNs 9781925021844 9781925021813

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): Dr Parke’s monograph examines how Fijians, especially in western areas of Fiji, currently understand and explain the origins and development of the social and political divisions of late pre-colonial traditional Fijian society. It assesses the reasoning, consistency and, where possible, the historical accuracy of such understandings. The oral history research which forms the backbone of the study was conducted in either standard Fijian or one or other of the western Fijian dialects with which Dr Parke was familiar. The period on which the monograph concentrates is the two centuries or so immediately prior to the Deed of Cession on 10 October 1874. A number of the major chiefs of Fiji had offered to cede Fiji to Queen Victoria; and after the offer had been accepted, Fiji became a British Crown Colony on that day. The volume will be of interest to all archaeologists, anthropologists and historians with an interest in Fiji. It will also be of wider interest to Pacific Studies scholars and those of British colonial history as well as historians with a wider interest in indigenous traditional histories and their role in governance today.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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8123

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Diateichismata

 

Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut, 2009.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 9783900305543

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): A Diateichisma is part of a city´s fortification system. Unlike a city wall it was built within the urban area dividing a city in two parts. This study focuses on two aspects. On the one hand, the phenomenon of diateichismata is considered as part of fortification architecture, on the other hand the influence of diateichism on the organisation of the urban space is pointed out. Furthermore, the reasons, why diateichismata were build are considered as a focal point of the study. The settlement are displayed in a catalogue, technical data is in charts. Written sources mentioning diatechisma are put together including relevant passages of the text. In scientific research diateichismata have been regarded as mere functional buildings, however, they have been studied systematically. In this study, the significance of diateichismata is analysed beyond the aspects of fortification; in particular, the impact of diateichismata on the development and utilisation of urban space is a spezial interest. A comparative analysis of settlements with diateichisma has needs of comparable criteria. The most applicable term, after which settlements with diateichisma can be discerned and put in order, is the chronological relation of diateichisma and city wall, because here chronology is the only variable giving valuable information on settlement development. Hence three variations of settlements with diateichisma can be discerned: 1. Settlements with diateichisma built together with the enceinte. 2. Settlements with secondarily but diateichisma. 3. Settlements with diateichisma which originate after expansion of walled urban space. Most of the studied settlements have diateichismata which were built after the enceinte (23 examples) or which origins from expansion of walled city space (19 settlements). Contemporaneous diateichismate are rare (14 settlements), only in a few cities the relation between diateichisma and city wall remains unclear. The earliest diateichismata be dated in late 7th cent. B.C., the latest was build in the middle of the 2nd cent. B.C. Within this chronological frame the highest concentration of diateichismata can be traced in classical and hellenistic times. The distriution of cities is spead from the Iberian Peninsula to Greek parts of modern Afghanistan (Graeco-bactria). Only any regions do show concentrations of settlements with diateichisma. In the Western Mediterranean there are more cities with secondarily built diateichisma, in the area of north-western Greek in a lot of cities the walled urban space was enlarged establishind diateichismata between the original city area and the newly acquired space. Generally, diateichismata serve as obstacles to enemies which conquered the enceinte already or as barrier wall for hostile parties fighting within the boundaries of the city wall. Despite of the clear military function only cities of military character have a diateichisma; there it always serves as a barrier wall protecting free space


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118

Digging It Up Down Under

A Practical Guide to Doing Archaeology in Australia

 

13th ed. New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media, 2007.

Título de la serie/colección: World Archaeological Congress Cultural Heritage Manual Series.

ISBNs 9780387352602 9780387352633

Colección: SpringerLink


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23751

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Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber

Teaching, Knowledge Exchange & Public Engagement

 

Ubiquity Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9781909188488 9781909188464 9781909188471 9781909188617 9781909188624

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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21927

Dreamtime Superhighway

Sydney Basin Rock Art and Prehistoric Information Exchange Vol. 27

 

ANU E Press, 2008.

Título de la serie/colección: Terra Australis.

ISBNs 9781921536175 9781921536168

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): Dreamtime Superhighway presents a thorough and original contextualization of the rock art and archaeology of the Sydney Basin. By combining excavation results with rock art analysis it demonstrates that a true archaeology of rock art can provide insights into rock art image-making in people's social and cultural lives. Based on a PhD dissertation, this monograph is a significantly revised and updated study which draws forcefully on rich and new data from extensive recent research—much of it by McDonald herself. McDonald has developed a model that suggests that visual culture—such as rock artmaking and its images and forms—could be understood as a system of communication, as a way of signaling group identifying behaviour. For the archaeologist of art, the anthropologist of art and those of us who try to think about past worlds… this monograph is a must read. Margaret W. Conkey University of California, Berkeley

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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23825

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Dreamtime Superhighway (TA27)

Sydney Basin Rock Art and Prehistoric Information Exchange

 

ANU Press, 2008.

ISBNs 9781921536175

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Dreamtime Superhighway presents a thorough and original contextualization of the rock art and archaeology of the Sydney Basin. By combining excavation results with rock art analysis it demonstrates that a true archaeology of rock art can provide insights into rock art image-making in people’s social and cultural lives. Based on a PhD dissertation, this monograph is a significantly revised and updated study which draws forcefully on rich and new data from extensive recent research—much of it by McDonald herself. McDonald has developed a model that suggests that visual culture—such as rock artmaking and its images and forms—could be understood as a system of communication, as a way of signaling group identifying behaviour. For the archaeologist of art, the anthropologist of art and those of us who try to think about past worlds… this monograph is a must read.


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Dutch Ships in Tropical Waters

The Development of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Shipping Network in Asia 1595-1660

 

Amsterdam University Press, 2010.

ISBNs 9789053565179

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): The end of the 16th century saw Dutch expansion in Asia, as The Dutch East India Company (the VOC) was fast becoming an Asian power, both political and economic. By 1669, the VOC was the richest private company the world had ever seen. This landmark study looks at perhaps the most important tool in the Company' trading - its ships. In order to reconstruct the complete shipping activities of the VOC, the author created a unique database of the ships' movements, including frigates and other, hitherto ingored, smaller vessels. Parthesius's research into the routes and the types of ships in the service of the VOC proves that it was precisely the wide range of types and sizes of vessels that gave the Company the ability to sail - and continue its profitable trade - the year round. Furthermore, it appears that the VOC commanded at least twice the number of ships than earlier historians have ascertained. Combining the best of maritime and social history, this book will change our understanding of the commercial dynamics of the most successful economic organization of the period.


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