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Gran Área: Humanidades
Área: Historia y arqueología
Subárea: Arqueología

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Resultado: 210 registro(s)

23093

Acceso abierto

Archaeology of Early Christianity in Vanuatu (Terra Australis 44), An

Kastom and Religious Change on Tanna and Erromango, 1839–1920

 

ANU Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9781760460747

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Religious change is at its core a material as much as a spiritual process. Beliefs related to intangible spirits, ghosts, or gods were enacted through material relationships between people, places, and objects. The archaeology of mission sites from Tanna and Erromango islands, southern Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), offer an informative case study for understanding the material dimensions of religious change. One of the primary ways that cultural difference was thrown into relief in the Presbyterian New Hebrides missions was in the realm of objects. Christian Protestant missionaries believed that religious conversion had to be accompanied by changes in the material conditions of everyday life. Results of field archaeology and museum research on Tanna and Erromango, southern Vanuatu, show that the process of material transformation was not unidirectional. Just as Melanesian people changed religious beliefs and integrated some imported objects into everyday life, missionaries integrated local elements into their daily lives. Attempts to produce ‘civilised Christian natives’, or to change some elements of native life relating purely to ‘religion’ but not others, resulted instead in a proliferation of ‘hybrid’ forms. This is visible in the continuity of a variety of traditional practices subsumed under the umbrella term ‘kastom’ through to the present alongside Christianity. Melanesians didn’t become Christian, Christianity became Melanesian. The material basis of religious change was integral to this process.


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6091

Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities, The

Beyond Identification

 

13th ed. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2005.

ISBNs 9780306486937 9780306486951

Colección: SpringerLink


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26751

Acceso abierto

Archaeology of Political Spaces. The Upper Mesopotamian Piedmont in the Second Millennium BCE, The

Vol. 12

 

De Gruyter, 2014.

Título de la serie/colección: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt. ISSN 2191-5806,

ISBNs 9783110266405 9783110370348

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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22156

Archaeology of the Aru Islands, Eastern Indonesia, The

Vol. 22

 

ANU E Press, 2006.

Título de la serie/colección: Terra Australis.

ISBNs 9781921313042 9781740761130

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): This volume describes the results of the first archaeological survey and excavations carried out in the fascinating and remote Aru Islands, Eastern Indonesia between 1995 and 1997. The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, who stopped here in search of the Birds of Paradise on his voyage through the Indo-Malay Archipelago in the 1850s, was the first to draw attention to the group. The results reveal a complex and fascinating history covering the last 30,000 years from its early settlement by hunter-gatherers, the late Holocene arrival of ceramic producing agriculturalists, later associations with the Bird of Paradise trade and the colonial expansion of the Dutch trading empires. The excavations and finds from two large Pleistocene caves, Liang Lemdubu and Nabulei Lisa, are reported in detail documenting the changing environmental and cultural history of the islands from when they were connected to Greater Australia and used by hunter/gatherers to their formation as islands and use by agriculturalists. The results of the excavation of the late Neolithic — Metal Age midden at Wangil are discussed, as is the mysterious pre-Colonial fort at Ujir and the 350-year old ruins of forts and a church associated with the Dutch garrisons.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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6147

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Archäologische Forschungen in Teurnia

 

Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut, 2000.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 3900305307

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): The Claudian-era Municipium Teurnia, today's St. Peter in Holz, is situated four kilometers west of Spittal an der Drau (Carinthia, Austria). Along with Virunum, Celeia, luvavum and Aguntum, Teurnia counts as one of the oldest Roman cities in the province of Noricum. Due to its strategic location on the Drava River and at the intersection of two principal routes, namely the Drava Valley and the Tauern roads, Teurnia developed from a LaTène-period settlement to a Roman city, whose territory included large parts of Upper Carinthia and the Lungau in modern Salzburg. The assessment of La Tène period settlement activity in Teurnia is based solely on the finds assigned to the La Tène culture of Mokronog group centered in the south-east Alps. Continuous settlement in Teurnia can be proven from the late La Tène until the early Imperial period. A comparable trend can be seen at Celeia-Celje, where the initial Celtic hill settlement eventually developed into a Roman vicus in the valley. In contrast to this, the oldest identifiable settlement activity at Aguntum, luvavum and the Flavian municipium of Solva dates to the Augustan period, while Virunum was created as a new, planned provincial capital during the reign of the emperor, Claudius. The first settlement expansion in Teurnia is identifiable as early as the 3rd and 2nd decades of the first century BCE, as the first turf and timber constructions originated east of the 620m-high Holzer Mountain where habitation areas were located, built on serveral terraces on the eastern slope of the hill. Through the combined analysis of finds and results from the 1971-1978 excavations as well as several series of aerial photographs, the expansion and resulting monumentality of Teurnia’s cityscape, after being awarded municipal status, is understandable. In this regard discussion continues as to whether the forum of the imperial-era city was actually located up on the hill, as proposed by R. Egger at the beginning of the last century, or in the lower town situated east of Holzer Mountain, as the preliminary interpretation of recent aerial photographs suggests. After a catastrophic fire in the early 3rd century CE this habitation area, a neighborhood with several prestigious homes and a public thermal bath furnished with high quality fittings such as stucco decoration, marble-cladding, wall paintings, window glass, and hypocaust heating technology, was not reconstructed. The abandonment of this settlement area may already have occurred before the Germanic invasions in the late 3rd century CE, maybe as a result of the Severan prospription measures.


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29284

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Archivos universitarios e historia de las universidades

Vol. 9

 

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History, 2003.

Título de la serie/colección: Historia de las Universidades. ISSN 1886-0710,

ISBNs 8481556416

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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23104

Acceso abierto

Art and Landscape

 

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2015.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 9783700172413

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Buddhist rock sculpture of Swat/Uddiyana (7th-8th cent. CE): Analytical study of its aesthetic values, technical concept, historical background and cultural influence


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23114

Acceso abierto

Art of Prehistoric Textile Making., The

 

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 2016.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 9783902421944

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Textiles, textile production and clothing were essentials of living in prehistory, locked into the system of society at every level – social, economic and even religious. Textile crafts not only produced essential goods for everyday use, most notably clothing, but also utilitarian objects as well as representative and luxury items. Prehistoric clothing and their role in identity creation for the individual and for the group are also addressed by means of archaeological finds from Stone the Iron Age in Central Europe.


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23170

Acceso abierto

Axe had never sounded, The

Place, people and heritage of Recherche Bay, Tasmania

 

ANU Press, 2007.

ISBNs 9781921313219

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): ‘This book meets well the triple promise of the title – the inter-connections of place, people and heritage. John Mulvaney brings to this work a deep knowledge of the history, ethnography and archaeology of Tasmania. He presents a comprehensive account of the area’s history over the 200 years since French naval expeditions first charted its coastlines. The important records the French officers and scientists left of encounters with Aboriginal groups are discussed in detail, set in the wider ethnographic context and compared with those of later expeditions. ‘The topical issues of understanding the importance of Recherche Bay as a cultural landscape and its protection and future management inform the book. Readers will be challenged to consider the connections between people and place, and how these may constitute significant national heritage.’ Professor Isabel McBryde, AO, FRAI, FAHA, FSA The Australian National University


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4737

Between Dirt and Discussion

Methods, Methodology, and Interpretation in Historical Archaeology

 

13th ed. Boston, MA: Springer Science+Business Media, 2006.

ISBNs 9780387342184 9780387342191

Colección: SpringerLink


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