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Gran Área: Humanidades
Área: Historia y arqueología
Subárea: Arqueología

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Resultado: 210 registro(s)

24852

Acceso abierto

Legacies of Space and Intangible Heritage

Archaeology, Ethnohistory, and the Politics of Cultural Continuity in the Americas

 

University Press of Colorado, 2017-03-01.

Título de la serie/colección: Knowledge Unlatched (KU).

ISBNs 9781607325710 9781607327004 9781607327202

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): This volume looks at how different physical environments contribute to the reproduction of cultural forms even in the wake of colonization, migration, and other processes of displacement and change. This raises the question of whether cultural practices are altered by changes in physical environment or if a group’s narratives and practices shape their location. Using case studies from North and South America, the contributors reveal a pattern of abandonment and reestablishment of settlements and how collective memory drives people back to culturally meaningful sites. Through the lenses of archaeology and ethnohistory and by examining the politics of cultural continuity, the authors argue that there is a complex relationship between a people’s heritage and the landscape that affects the making of “place.”


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22180

Lexicon of Proto Oceanic, The

The culture and environment of ancestral Oceanic society: 2 The physical environment

 

ANU E Press, 2007.

ISBNs 9781921313196 9781921313189

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): This is the second in a series of five volumes on the lexicon of Proto Oceanic, the ancestor of the Oceanic branch of the Austronesian language family. Each volume deals with a particular domain of culture and/or environment and consists of a collection of essays each of which presents and comments on lexical reconstructions of a particular semantic field within that domain. Volume 2 examines how Proto Oceanic speakers described their geophysical environment. An introductory chapter discusses linguistic and archaeological evidence that locates the Proto Oceanic language community in the Bismarck Archipelago in the late 2nd millennium BC. The next three chapters investigate terms used to denote inland, coastal, reef and open sea environments, and meteorological phenomena. A further chapter examines the lexicon for features of the heavens and navigational techniques associated with the stars. How Proto Oceanic speakers talked about their environment is also described in three further chapters which treat property terms for describing inanimate objects, locational and directional terms, and terms related to the expression of time.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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22016

Life on the Margins

An Archaeological Investigation of Late Holocene Economic Variability, Blue Mud Bay, Northern Australia Vol. 38

 

ANU E Press, 2013.

Título de la serie/colección: Terra Australis.

ISBNs 9781925021103 9781925021097

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): The research presented here is primarily concerned with human-environment interactions on the tropical coast of northern Australia during the late Holocene. Based on the suggestion that significant change can occur within short time-frames as a direct result of interactive processes, the archaeological evidence from the Point Blane Peninsula, Blue Mud Bay, is used to address the issue of how much change and variability occurred in hunter-gatherer economic and social structures during the late Holocene in coastal northeastern Arnhem Land. The suggestion proposed here is that processes of environmental and climatic change resulted in changes in resource distribution and abundance, which in turn affected patterns of settlement and resource exploitation strategies, levels of mobility and, potentially, the size of foraging groups on the coast. The question of human behavioural variability over the last 3000 years in Blue Mud Bay has been addressed by examining issues of scale and resolution in archaeological interpretation, specifically the differential chronological and spatial patterning of shell midden and mound sites on the peninsula in conjunction with variability in molluscan resource exploitation. To this end, the biological and ecological characteristics of the dominant molluscan species is considered in detail, in combination with assessing the potential for human impact through predation. Investigating pre-contact coastal foraging behaviour via the archaeological record provides an opportunity for change to recognised in a number of ways. For example, a differential focus on resources, variations in group size and levels of mobility can all be identified. It has also been shown that human-environment interactions are non-linear or progressive, and that human behaviour during the late Holocene was both flexible and dynamic.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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24876

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Life on the Margins

An Archaeological Investigation of Late Holocene Economic Variability, Blue Mud Bay, Northern Australia

 

ANU Press, 2013.

ISBNs 9781925021097

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): The research presented here is primarily concerned with human-environment interactions on the tropical coast of northern Australia during the late Holocene. Based on the suggestion that significant change can occur within short time-frames as a direct result of interactive processes, the archaeological evidence from the Point Blane Peninsula, Blue Mud Bay, is used to address the issue of how much change and variability occurred in hunter-gatherer economic and social structures during the late Holocene in coastal northeastern Arnhem Land. The suggestion proposed here is that processes of environmental and climatic change resulted in changes in resource distribution and abundance, which in turn affected patterns of settlement and resource exploitation strategies, levels of mobility and, potentially, the size of foraging groups on the coast. The question of human behavioural variability over the last 3000 years in Blue Mud Bay has been addressed by examining issues of scale and resolution in archaeological interpretation, specifically the differential chronological and spatial patterning of shell midden and mound sites on the peninsula in conjunction with variability in molluscan resource exploitation. To this end, the biological and ecological characteristics of the dominant molluscan species is considered in detail, in combination with assessing the potential for human impact through predation. Investigating pre-contact coastal foraging behaviour via the archaeological record provides an opportunity for change to recognised in a number of ways. For example, a differential focus on resources, variations in group size and levels of mobility can all be identified. It has also been shown that human-environment interactions are non-linear or progressive, and that human behaviour during the late Holocene was both flexible and dynamic.


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22558

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Linearbandkeramische Gräberfeld von Kleinhadersdorf, Das

 

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2015.

Título de la serie/colección: Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

ISBNs 9783700175988

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): The publication gives a complete documentation of the old rescue excavations by Josef Bayer and Viktor Lebzelter in 1931 as well as of the systematic investigations of the Neolithic cemetery under the direction of Johannes-Wolfgang Neugebauer and Christine Neugebauer-Maresch between 1987–1991. The burial customs of this early farming population are analyzed together with the grave goods, which comprise an exceptionally large number of grinding stones, as well as ceramics, bone tools, shell ornaments, chert and traces of red ochre. The results of analyses of anthropological remains pertaining to 57 inhumations − more than half of the bodies were oriented SE-NW and the majority buried in a crouched position on the left side − are complemented by 14C-dates and isotope-analyses.


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22017

Lithics in the Land of the Lightning Brothers

The Archaeology of Wardaman Country, Northern Territory Vol. 25

 

ANU E Press, 2007.

Título de la serie/colección: Terra Australis.

ISBNs 9781921313295 9781921313288

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): Lithics in the Land of the Lightning Brothers skilfully integrates a wide range of data-raw-material procurement, tool design, reduction and curation, patterns of distribution and association-to reveal the major outlines of Wardaman prehistory. At the same time, the book firmly situates data and methods in broad theoretical context. In its regional scope and thorough technological approach, this book exemplifies the best of recent lithic analysis and hunter-gatherer archaeology. Any archaeologist who confronts the challenge of classifying retouched stone tools should consult this volume for a clear demonstration of reduction intensity as a source of size and form variation independent of “type.” Yet the demonstration is not merely methodological; Clarkson shows how the measurement of reduction intensity informs analysis of technological diversity and other cultural practices. In Clarkson's hands, Wardaman prehistory emerges as a particular record of the human past. Yet the book is also a case study in prolonged cultural response to environmental conditions and the way in which cultures persist and reproduce themselves over long spans of time. The result is an analytical tour de force that will guide hunter-gatherer archaeology in Australia and elsewhere for years to come.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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24900

Acceso abierto

Lithics in the land of the lightning brothers

The Archaeology of Wardaman Country, Northern Territory

 

ANU Press, 2007.

ISBNs 9781921313295

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Lithics in the Land of the Lightning Brothers skilfully integrates a wide range of data-raw-material procurement, tool design, reduction and curation, patterns of distribution and association-to reveal the major outlines of Wardaman prehistory. At the same time, the book firmly situates data and methods in broad theoretical context. In its regional scope and thorough technological approach, this book exemplifies the best of recent lithic analysis and hunter-gatherer archaeology. Any archaeologist who confronts the challenge of classifying retouched stone tools should consult this volume for a clear demonstration of reduction intensity as a source of size and form variation independent of “type.” Yet the demonstration is not merely methodological; Clarkson shows how the measurement of reduction intensity informs analysis of technological diversity and other cultural practices. In Clarkson’s hands, Wardaman prehistory emerges as a particular record of the human past. Yet the book is also a case study in prolonged cultural response to environmental conditions and the way in which cultures persist and reproduce themselves over long spans of time. The result is an analytical tour de force that will guide hunter-gatherer archaeology in Australia and elsewhere for years to come.


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24908

Acceso abierto

Local Identities

Landscape and Community in the Late Prehistoric Meuse-Demer-Scheldt Region

 

Amsterdam University Press, 2003.

ISBNs 9789053565889

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): Investigates how small groups - households and local communities - constitute and represent their social identity by ordering the landscape in which they dwell. The author develops a new theoretical and empirical perspective that deals with many of the practices that create collective senses of identity and belonging. These include house building and habitation, structured deposition, cremation and burial, arable farming, and ritual practices. An explicitly diachronic approach charts processes of cultural and social change which have previously gone largely unnoticed, providing a stimulating basis for a more dynamic history of the late prehistoric inhabitants of the Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region.


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22018

Long History, Deep Time

Deepening Histories of Place

 

ANU E Press, 2015.

Título de la serie/colección: Aboriginal History Monographs.

ISBNs 9781925022537 9781925022520

Colección: JSTOR [Col. acceso abierto]

Resumen (en inglés): The vast shape-shifting continent of Australia enables us to take a long view of history. We consider ways to cross the great divide between the deep past and the present. Australia’s human past is not a short past, so we need to enlarge the scale and scope of history beyond 1788. In ways not so distant, these deeper times happened in the same places where we walk today. Yet, they were not the same places, having different surfaces, ecologies and peoples. Contributors to this volume show how the earth and its past peoples can wake us up to a sense of place as history – as a site of both change and continuity. This book ignites the possibilities of what the spaces and expanses of history might be. Its authors reflect upon the need for appropriate, feasible timescales for history, pointing out some of the obstacles encountered in earlier efforts to slice human time into thematic categories. Time and history are considered from the perspective of physics, archaeology, literature, western and Indigenous philosophy. Ultimately, this collection argues for imaginative new approaches to collaborative histories of deep time that are better suited to the challenges of the Anthropocene. Contributors to this volume, including many leading figures in their respective disciplines, consider history’s temporality, and ask how history might expand to accommodate a chronology of deep time. Long histories that incorporate humanities, science and Indigenous knowledge may produce deeper meanings of the worlds in which we live.

Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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24919

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Lords of Lambityeco, The

Political Evolution in the Valley of Oaxaca during the Xoo Phase

 

University Press of Colorado, 2009-12-15.

Título de la serie/colección: Knowledge Unlatched (KU).

ISBNs 9780870819513 9781607327158

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books

Resumen (en inglés): "The definitive volume of this Late Classic site. . . . an important contribution to Oaxaca archaeology and to understanding Monte Alb at its peak and during its demise." Veronica Perez Rodriguez, American Anthropologist


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