The Convergence of Psychology and Biology in Laboratory and Field
Russell P. Balda, Irene M. Pepperberg and Alan C. Kamil
Academic Press, 1998.
Resumen (en inglés): In this book, the editors bring together results from studies on all kinds of animals to show how thinking on many behaviors as truly cognitive processes can help us to understand the biology involved. Taking ideas and observations from the while range of research into animal behavior leads to unexpected and stimulating ideas. A space is created where the work of field ecologists, evolutionary ecologists and experimental psychologists can interact and contribute to a greater understanding of complex animal behavior, and to the development of a new and coherent field of study.
Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse.
Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability
Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics
Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease
Resumen (en inglés): This is the first book whose subject is the music, sounds and silences of Antarctica. From 2011 until 2014, Australia marked its long-standing connection with Antarctica by celebrating the centenary of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. The icy continent, with its extremes of climate and environment and unique soundscapes, offers great potential for creative achievements in the world of music and sound. This book demonstrates the intellectual and creative engagement of artists, musicians, scientists and writers. Consciousness of sounds — in particular, musical ones — has not been at the forefront of our aims in polar endeavours, but listening to and appreciating them has been as important there as elsewhere.
Wrolstad, Ronald; Giusti, M. Monica; Kalt, Wilhelmina (eds.)
MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2016.
Título de la serie/colección:Molecules. ISSN 1420-3049,
Colección: Directory of Open Access Books
Resumen (en inglés): Research articles on anthocyanin pigments have escalated dramatically in the last 20 years. While PubMed shows 230 anthocyanin publications in the decade from 1982 through 1991, there were 753 from 1992 through 2001, and 3,043 from 2002 through 2011. Anthocyanin pigments have long intrigued scientists, and earlier investigations documented the dynamic nature of their chemistry and their role in the color quality of foods, particularly wine because of its high economic value. Historically, botanists have investigated these pigments in chemotaxonomic and horticultural research to understand the role of anthocyanins in the color quality of flowers and in fruit ripening. More recently, the widely-publicized “French Paradox” made the public aware of the epidemiological evidence that the French, despite a diet high in saturated fats, had a lower than predicted rate of coronary heart disease compared to people in several Western countries with similar risk factors. It was suggested that the consumption of flavonoid-rich foods including anthocyanins that are abundant in red wine and other fruit-based foods might account at least in part for the phenomena. These findings have stimulated an explosion of investigations on various phytochemicals, their bioactivities and their possible role in human health. As part of an early working hypothesis it was suggested that the antioxidant properties of plant food phytochemicals could be a positive predictor of possible health benefits. Numerous investigations revealed that there was a high correlation specifically between the anthocyanin content of some vegetables, fruits and especially berries and their antioxidant activity in vitro. However, determining the in vivo significance of anthocyanin antioxidant activity in human health has been more difficult since studies have shown that anthocyanins are poorly absorbed and rapidly cleared from the body. Notwithstanding there remains abundant in vivo evidence from closely-controlled animal studies, and an increasing amount of human clinical evidence that anthocyanins do indeed provide beneficial health effects. Complementary mechanistic studies have shown that anthocyanins can affect a variety of physiological processes in a beneficial manner. Most encouraging perhaps is recent epidemiological evidence indicating that anthocyanins specifically are associated with a reduced risk of both cardiac events and type 2 diabetes in free-living human populations. Research articles covering all aspects of anthocyanin chemistry, such as composition, degradative reactions, biosynthesis, their use as natural colorants, and the possible mechanisms for reducing the risks of chronic diseases are welcomed for inclusion in the Special Issue of Molecules.