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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería y ciencia de los materiales
Subárea: Materiales (ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología)

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Resultado: 408 registro(s)

17608

Deploying Wireless Sensor Networks

Theory and Practice

 

Elsevier, 2016.

ISBNs 9781785480997

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Wireless Sensor Networks: Theory and Practice for Deployment addresses WSNs deployment, a mandatory and critical step in the process of developing WSNs solutions for real-life applications. The authors address simple approaches to deploy static WSNs, then exploring more sophisticated approaches to deploy mobile WSNs. Featuring detailed investigations of deployment-related issues such as deployment cost, coverage, connectivity, sensors reliability, and harsh deployment environments, this book will equip you with the basics and an advanced view of both the theoretical and practical aspects, along with knowledge of the guidelines for WSNs deployment.

  • Provides both the theoretical basis and practical applications
  • Features an in-depth discussion of deployment-related issues
  • Covers basic concepts and terminologies as well as highlighting open problems in the research areas to help you solve your deployment-related issues


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17626

Design Optimization

 

Academic Press, 1985.

ISBNs 9780122809101

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Design Optimization deals with the application of the ideas of optimization to design, taking as its central theme the notion that design can be treated as a goal-seeking, decision-making activity. Emphasis is on design optimization rather than on optimization techniques.
This book consists of nine chapters, each focusing on a particular class of design optimization and demonstrating how design optimization problems are formulated and solved. The applications range from architecture and structural engineering to mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, building design and layout, and siting policy. The first five chapters are all concerned with design problems where it is convenient to express the goals in a single objective or criterion to be optimized. In particular, optimal space planning and shape optimization of structures are discussed, along with approximation concepts for optimum structural design; application of nonlinear programming to design; and generalized Steiner network problems in engineering design. The last four chapters focus on multicriteria programming; multicriteria optimization for engineering and architectural design; and a system for integrated optimal design.
This monograph will be of interest to designers and others concerned with the use of optimization concepts and tools in design optimization.


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17672

Developmental Plasticity

Behavioral and Biological Aspects of Variations in Development

 

Academic Press, 1981.

ISBNs 9780122896200

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Developmental Plasticity: Behavioral and Biological Aspects of Variations in Development explores the behavioral and biological aspects of variations in development from a variety of theoretical viewpoints and research contexts. Topics covered include evolution and genetic variability; sensory bases of infant perception; and learning and ethology. The infancy of human learning processes is also discussed, along with epistemology and developmental psychology.
Comprised of eight chapters, this book opens with a review of the broad evolutionary landscape and the specific genetic mechanisms implicated in biological and behavioral development. It then describes the sensory apparatus available to neonatal human beings and analyzes the similarities and differences between ethological theory and learning theory. Developmental plasticity is also examined in interdisciplinary contexts, while the acquisition of behavior patterns during early postnatal development is explored from a traditional learning theory point of view. The remaining chapters focus on the role played by asymmetry in general and by cerebral asymmetry in particular in the generation of individuality; cultural and biological instances of plasticity in development; and the barriers separating epistemology from developmental psychology and psycholinguistics.
This monograph will be a useful resource for developmental psychologists and other professionals devoted to child development and learning, as well as those in the fields of genetics and behavioral and biological sciences.


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17675

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Contamination Sources, Measurement, Validation, and Regulatory Aspects

 

William Andrew Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9780323313032

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

As device sizes in the semiconductor industries are shrinking, they become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not as effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. The chapters in this Volume address the sources of surface contaminants and various methods for their collection and characterization, as well as methods for cleanliness validation. Regulatory aspects of cleaning are also covered. The collection of topics in this book is unique and complements other volumes in this series. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control, these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. 

  • Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination
  • Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others
  • Includes new regulatory aspects


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17677

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Vol. 1

 

2nd ed. William Andrew Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780323299602

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects, Second Edition, provides an excellent source of information on alternative cleaning techniques and methods for characterization of surface contamination and validation.

Each volume in this series contains a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. This volume forms the heart of the series, covering the fundamentals and application aspects, characterization of surface contaminants, and methods for removal of surface contamination.

In addition, new cleaning techniques effective at smaller scales are considered and employed for removal where conventional cleaning techniques fail, along with new cleaning techniques for molecular contaminants.

The Volume is edited by the leading experts in small particle surface contamination and cleaning, providing an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control, and procurement specification in a multitude of industries such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography.

  • Provides best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or those who handle the consequences of surface contamination
  • Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries as spearheaded by the semiconductor industry
  • Presents state-of-the-art survey information on precision cleaning and characterization methods as written by a team of world-class experts in the field


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17706

Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science

Vol. 1

 

2nd ed. Elsevier, 1978.

ISBNs 9780444851284

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science describes the various methods used to study the atomic structure of matter at an atomic scale based on the interaction between matter and radiation. It classifies the possible methods of observation by making a list of radiations on the basis of wavelength, including ions, X-ray photons, neutrons, and electrons. It also discusses transmission electron microscopy, the weak-beam method of electron microscopy, and some applications of transmission electron microscopy to phase transitions.
Organized into 13 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the kinematic theory of electron diffraction and the ways to treat diffraction by a deformed crystal. It discusses the dynamical theory of diffraction of fast electrons, the treatment of absorption in the dynamical theory of electron diffraction, the use of electron microscopy to study planar interfaces, and analysis of weak-beam images. The book also covers the use of computed electron micrographs in defect identification, crystallographic analysis of dislocation loops containing shear components, and detection and identification of small coherent particles. In addition, the reader is introduced to interpretation of diffuse scattering and short-range order, along with the crystallography of martensitic transformations. The remaining chapters focus on the working principle of the transmission electron microscope, experimental structure imaging of crystals, and the study of diffuse scattering effects originating from substitutional disorder and displacement disorder.
The information on diffraction and imaging techniques in material science contained in this book will be helpful to students, researchers, and scientists.


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17707

Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science

Vol. 2

 

2nd ed. Elsevier, 1978.

ISBNs 9780444851291

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science reviews recent developments in diffraction and imaging techniques used in the study of materials. It discusses advances in high-voltage electron microscopy, low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), X-ray and neutron diffraction, X-ray topography, mirror electron microscopy, and field emission microscopy.
Organized into five parts encompassing nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the dynamical theory of the diffraction of high-energy electrons in crystals and methodically introduces the reader to dynamical diffraction in perfect and imperfect crystals, inelastic scattering of electrons in crystals, and X-ray production. It then explores back scattering effects, the technical features of high-voltage electron microscopes, and surface characterization by LEED. Other chapters focus on the kinematical theory of X-ray diffraction, techniques and interpretation in X-ray topography, and interpretation of the contrast of the images of defects on X-ray topographs. The book also describes theory and applications of mirror electron microscopy, surface studies by field emission of electrons, field ionization and field evaporation, and gas-surface interactions before concluding with a discussion on lattice imperfections.
Scientists and students taking courses on diffraction and solid-state electron microscopy will benefit from this book.


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17747

Diseases of Sugarcane

Major Diseases

 

Elsevier, 1989.

ISBNs 9780444427977

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): An extensive volume of Sugarcane Diseases and their World Distribution (Vol. I) was published by Elsevier under the auspices of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists in 1961. The present volume was intended to be a new edition of the book, but so many changes were required that a new book was needed. Only three chapters have been kept with slight amendments. The other chapters have been completely re-written. In fact with changes in importance of major diseases, four diseases previously treated have been left out; on the other hand, three new topics have been included in the new book, two new diseases and a chapter on sugarcane quarantine.

The first chapter gives a brief account of the anatomy, morphology and physiology of the sugarcane plant to facilitate terminology and especially for a better appreciation of the effect of disease on the growth of the crop. Diseases are extensively treated as in Volume I, with a very good description of their symptoms and variation under different conditions and severity, all well illustrated by black and white figures and in a set of colour plates at the end of the book which will prove of valuable help for identification. The causal agents of the diseases are described giving synonyms, cultural characteristics, isolation methods and present knowledge on race variation, an aspect on which there has been quite an advance in knowledge since Volume I was published. New techniques of diagnosis are also given. Advances in research on the diseases over the last 25 years are well covered and supported by an extensive bibliography at the end of each chapter.

The book has been edited by people having first hand experience in the field and in research on these diseases. Authors have been selected from among the most knowledgeable all over the sugar cane world, especially with due regard to the importance of the different diseases in their countries.

The book should prove of immense value to those concerned with practical aspects of plant disease control in the field: pathologists, agronomists and crop specialists, including consultants, to those concerned with quarantine of the crop, for university lectures and students, and research scientists.

In a pre-publication review D.J. Heinz and S.A. Ferreira of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association stated: ``Much has changed and new information generated since the original version of this book was published in 1961. This new edition incorporates most of it, providing both the laboratory and field sugarcane pathologist a complete and authoritative guide to the major sugarcane diseases of the world. It is the best single book available on sugarcane diseases.''


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17786

Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780081008706

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Composite materials, with their higher exposure to dynamic loads, have increasingly been used in aerospace, naval, automotive, sports and other sectors over the last few decades. Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures reviews various aspects of dynamic deformation, damage and fracture, mostly in composite laminates and sandwich structures, in a broad range of application fields including aerospace, automotive, defense and sports engineering.

As the mechanical behavior and performance of composites varies under different dynamic loading regimes and velocities, the book is divided into sections that examine the different loading regimes and velocities. Part one examine low-velocity loading and part two looks at high-velocity loading. Part three then assesses shock and blast (i.e. contactless) events and the final part focuses on impact (contact) events. As sports applications of composites are linked to a specific subset of dynamic loading regimes, these applications are reviewed in the final part.

  • Examines dynamic deformation and fracture of composite materials
  • Covers experimental, analytical and numerical aspects
  • Addresses important application areas such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy and defence, with a special section on sport applications


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17788

Dynamical Collision Theory and its Applications

 

Academic Press, 1991.

ISBNs 9780120442737

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Dynamical Collision Theory and Its Applications reviews some of the powerful methods that have evolved for calculating the predictions of dynamical collision theory. Topics range from scattering theory to potential scattering, three- and four-particle scattering, multiparticle scattering, many-particle Lippmann-Schwinger equations, and the connected-kernel approach.
This book is comprised of nine chapters; the first of which introduces the reader to the quantum theory of scattering. This topic is followed by a discussion on two-particle potential scattering and various methods for calculating off-shell two-body amplitudes as well as approximating them by finite-rank forms. The next chapters focus on the interpretation and applicability of the multichannel, multiparticle Lippmann-Schwinger equations, along with the known N-particle connected-kernel integral equations and their physical predictions. Descriptions of contemporary field-theoretical and relativistic approaches, such as the Dirac phenomenology for intermediate energy nucleon-nucleus scattering, are included. The singularity structure of multiparticle amplitudes and the associated dispersion-relation techniques are also considered. This book concludes by describing the relationship between the conventional (optical potentials, multiple-scattering theories, and the coupled-reaction channel and resonating-group methods) and the few-body approaches.
This text is primarily intended for chemists, physicists, and graduate students interested in general scattering theory; intermediate and low-energy hadron and nuclear physics; atomic and molecular physics; statistical mechanics; and physical and quantum chemistry. There are a number of topics in this book that will be interesting to both mathematicians and particle physicists, as well as advanced graduate students in courses that involve collision theory.


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