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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería y ciencia de los materiales
Subárea: Materiales (ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología)

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Resultado: 408 registro(s)

17014

Biomaterials Science

An Introduction to Materials in Medicine

 

Academic Press, 1996.

ISBNs 9780125824613

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): This book introduces a subject that has profound impact on human health and considerable economic importance. The issues addressed include the biology, medical applications, markets, regulation, and ethical issues involved in biomaterials science. This spectrum of issues reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the field.

Key Features
* Provides a strong, cohesive compilation unlike any other currently on the market
* Covers the entire spectrum of biomaterials and their use in medicine
* Contributions of leaders in the biomaterials field


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17032

Biopolymers

 

Academic Press, 1973.

ISBNs 9780127343501

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Biopolymers deals with the methods of physical characterization and the principles underlying them, with emphasis on quantitative aspects of sequence, conformation, and structure in both laboratory-synthesized and native biopolymers. The book reviews structural units of biopolymers and describes characterization of biopolymers, the available techniques, the evaluation of underlying principles, and experimental applications. Some of these methods include Raman spectroscopy, theoretical conformation analysis, electron microscopy, and morphology of laboratory-synthesized polymers. The text explains the factors controlling conformation of polypeptides, the steric maps of dipeptides, potential energy maps, and the calculation of tertiary polypeptide structure. The investigator can use X-ray diffraction to determine the structure of polymers and macromolecules, such as diffraction by a crystal, by poorly crystalline polymer systems, or by a helical chain. The book notes that materials that can be crystallized from strong solvents reveal morphology similar to that of commercial polymers, which are different from that of polypeptides or proteins in native tissue. The text explains the basis of infrared and Raman spectroscopy in probing molecular structure and conformation of biological macromolecules. The investigator can also employ nuclear magnetic resonance and dielectric relaxation for conformation in physical organic chemistry, outside of biological macromolecule applications. The book can prove helpful for researchers in ultra-trace analysis, polymer research, and analytical chemistry.


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17035

Biopolymers

Processing and Products

 

William Andrew Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9780323266987

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and – ultimately – developing successful products.

Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated.

This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost.

  • Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers
  • Contains information not to be found in any other book
  • Self-contained chapters


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17042

Biosynthesis and Biodegradation of Wood Components

 

Academic Press, 1985.

ISBNs 9780123478801

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Biosynthesis and Biodegradation of Wood Components is a comprehensive account of the biosynthesis and biodegradation of wood and wood components. Topics covered range from the localization of polysaccharides and lignins in wood cell walls to the metabolism and synthetic function of cambial tissue, along with the function of cell organelles in the biosynthesis of cell wall components. The biosynthesis of plant cell wall polysaccharides is also discussed.
This book is comprised of 22 chapters and begins with an overview of the structure of wood, with emphasis on three aspects of sections of wood: the cross or transverse section, the tangential section, and the radial section or face. The following chapters deal with the structure and chemistry of the major components of wood cell walls; the metabolism and synthetic function of cambial tissue; the function of organelles involved in biosynthesis; and the biosynthesis both of the major cell wall components of wood (cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins) and of wood extractives. The microbial degradation of cell wall components and aromatic extractives of wood is also considered, together with the microorganisms involved in lignin biodegradation as well as the physiology and biochemistry of degradation by white-rot fungi.
This monograph will be of interest to biochemists as well as students and researchers in biochemistry.


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23269

Bisociative Knowledge Discovery

An Introduction to Concept, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications Vol. 7250

 

Springer, 2012.

Título de la serie/colección: Lecture Notes in Computer Science. ISSN 0302-9743,

ISBNs 9783642318290 9783642318306

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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17106

Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites

Statistical-probabilistic Approaches

 

Elsevier, 2016.

ISBNs 9781785481215

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Flaws are the principal source of fracture in many materials, whether brittle or ductile, whether nearly homogeneous or composite. They are introduced during either fabrication or surface preparation or during exposure to aggressive environments (e. g. oxidation, shocks). The critical flaws act as stress concentrators and initiate cracks that propagate instantaneously to failure in the absence of crack arrest phenomena as encountered in brittle materials.

This book explores those brittle materials susceptible to crack arrest and the flaws which initiate crack induced damage. A detailed description of microstructural features covering numerous brittle materials, including ceramics, glass, concrete, metals, polymers and ceramic fibers to help you develop your knowledge of material fracture.

Brittle Failure and Damage for Brittle Materials and Composites outlines the technological progress in this field and the need for reliable systems with high performances to help you advance the development of new structural materials, creating advantages of low density, high resistance to elevated temperatures and aggressive environments, and good mechanical properties.

  • The effects of flaw populations on fracture strength
  • The main statistical-probabilistic approaches to brittle fracture
  • The use of these methods for predictions of failure and effects induced by flaw populations
  • The application of these methods to component design
  • The methods of estimation of statistical parameters that define flaw strength distributions
  • The extension of these approaches to damage and failure of continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites


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17107

Brittle Matrix Composites 10

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2013.

ISBNs 9780857099884

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The subjects of the symposia are on composite materials behaving as brittle, normal and special conditions of exploitation. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains and the series of symposia are closely related to their applications in civil engineering. In the last decades their importance is increasing along with their variety and the use of most advanced methods of testing. Papers include concretes, fibre concretes and ceramics, particularly their composition, microstructure and fracture processes. Various new and advanced engineering problems are presented in the papers.


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17155

Carbon Isotope Techniques

 

Academic Press, 1991.

ISBNs 9780121797300

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Carbon Isotope Techniques deals with the use of carbon isotopes in studies of plant, soil, and aquatic biology. Topics covered include photosynthesis/translocation studies in terrestrial ecosystems; carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; microbe/plant/soil interactions; and environmental and aquatic toxicology. Stable carbon isotope ratios of natural materials are also considered.

Comprised of 15 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to radiation-counting instruments used in measuring the radioactivity in soil and plant samples containing carbon-14. The discussion then turns to the basic methods of 14C use in plant science, highlighted by three examples of applications in the field of plant physiology and ecology. Subsequent chapters explore the use of carbon isotope techniques for analyzing the carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; the interactions of microbes, plants, and soils; and the degradation of herbicides and organic xenobiotics. Carbon dating and bomb carbon are also described. The final section is devoted to the uses and procedures for 13C and 11C.

This monograph is intended for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, as well as generalist scientists who have not previously used radioisotopes or stable isotopes in their research.


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17157

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

 

2nd ed. Elsevier, 2014.

ISBNs 9780080982328

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a timely second edition of the original Science and Technology of Carbon Nanotubes. Updated to include expanded coverage of the preparation, purification, structural characterization, and common application areas of single- and multi-walled CNT structures, this work compares, contrasts, and, where appropriate, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much expanded second edition reference supports knowledge discovery, production of impactful carbon research, encourages transition between research fields, and aids the formation of emergent applications. New chapters encompass recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic and vibrational structures, and magnetic, optical, and electrical solid-state properties, providing a vital base to research. Current and potential applications of both materials, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis of graphene, biological structures, and flexible electronics, are also critically discussed.

  • Updated discussion of properties, structure, and morphology of biological and flexible electronic applications aids fundamental knowledge discovery
  • Innovative parallel focus on nanotubes and graphene enables you to learn from the successes and failures of, respectively, mature and emergent partner research disciplines
  • High-quality figures and tables on physical and mathematical applications expertly summarize key information – essential if you need quick, critically relevant data


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17159

Carbon–Carbon Materials and Composites

 

William Andrew Publishing, 1993.

ISBNs 9780815513247

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The major areas of carbon-carbon materials and composites are described in this comprehensive volume. It presents data and technology on the materials and structures developed for the production of carbon-carbon materials and composites. The text is composed of papers by 13 noted authors in their areas of expertise relating to the processes and production of these material systems and structures.

The subject matter in the book is arranged to lead the reader through materials processing, fabrication, structural analysis, and applications of typical carbon-carbon products. The information provided includes: fiber technology, matrix material, design of composite structures, manufacturing techniques, engineering mechanics, protective coatings, and structural applications using carbon-carbon materials and composites.


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