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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería y ciencia de los materiales
Subárea: Materiales (ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología)

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Resultado: 408 registro(s)

16765

Applications of ATILA FEM Software to Smart Materials

Case Studies in Designing Devices

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2013.

ISBNs 9780857090652

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): ATILA Finite Element Method (FEM) software facilitates the modelling and analysis of applications using piezoelectric, magnetostrictor and shape memory materials. It allows entire designs to be constructed, refined and optimized before production begins. Through a range of instructive case studies, Applications of ATILA FEM software to smart materials provides an indispensable guide to the use of this software in the design of effective products.

Part one provides an introduction to ATILA FEM software, beginning with an overview of the software code. New capabilities and loss integration are discussed, before part two goes on to present case studies of finite element modelling using ATILA. The use of ATILA in finite element analysis, piezoelectric polarization, time domain analysis of piezoelectric devices and the design of ultrasonic motors is considered, before piezo-composite and photonic crystal applications are reviewed. The behaviour of piezoelectric single crystals for sonar and thermal analysis in piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials is also discussed, before a final reflection on the use of ATILA in modelling the damping of piezoelectric structures and the behaviour of single crystal devices.

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Applications of ATILA FEM software to smart materials is a key reference work for all those involved in the research, design, development and application of smart materials, including electrical and mechanical engineers, academics and scientists working in piezoelectrics, magenetostrictors and shape memory materials.

  • Provides an indispensable guide to the use of ATILA FEM software in the design of effective products
  • Discusses new capabilities and loss integration of the software code, before presenting case studies of finite element modelling using ATILA
  • Discusses the behaviour of piezoelectric single crystals for sonar and thermal analysis in piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials, before a reflection on the use of ATILA in modelling the damping of piezoelectric structures


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16769

Applications of NMR Spectroscopy

Vol. 2

 

Bentham Science Publishers, 2015.

ISBNs 9781608059997

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Applications of NMR Spectroscopy, Volume 2, originally published by Bentham and now distributed by Elsevier, presents the latest developments in the field of NMR spectroscopy, including the analysis of plant polyphenols, the role of NMR spectroscopy in neuroradiology, NMR–based sensors, studies on protein and nucleic acid structure and function, and mathematical formations for NMR spectroscopy in structural biology.

The fully illustrated chapters contain comprehensive references to the recent literature. The applications presented cover a wide range of the field, such as drug development, medical imaging and diagnostics, food science, mining, petrochemical, process control, materials science, and chemical engineering, making this resource a multi-disciplinary reference with broad applications.

The content is ideal for readers who are seeking reviews and updates, as it consolidates scientific articles of a diverse nature into a single volume. Sections are organized based on disciplines, such as food science and medical diagnostics. Each chapter is written by eminent experts in the field.

  • Consolidates the latest developments in NMR spectroscopy into a single volume
  • Authored and edited by world-leading experts in spectroscopy
  • Features comprehensive references to the most recent related literature
  • More than 65 illustrations aid in the retention of key concepts


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16809

Asphalt Materials and Mix Design Manual

 

William Andrew Publishing, 1998.

ISBNs 9780815514251

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The purpose of this manual is to familiarize industry and students with the technology of asphalt in its several forms namely asphalt cement, cutback asphalt, and asphalt emulsions. The laboratory work is designed to develop an understanding of asphalt properties, characteristics, testing procedures, and specifications.

The procedures outlined are all derived from ASTM designations and practice as recommended by the Asphalt Institute. Where the particular ASTM method permits alternate procedures, the one more applicable to the available equipment and the teaching situation was chosen.

The manual consists of the following:

ò 35 of the frequently used ASTM tests in Asphalt Binder and Mix Design.
ò Sample computations and easy to use data sheets, most of which have been developed specifically for the manual.
ò An up-to-date overview of Asphalt Technology including sources, historical development, and classifications of asphalt products.
ò Easy to understand explanations for Voids Mineral Aggregate, Absorbed Asphalt, Effective Asphalt Content, Percent Air Voids, and Percent of Voids filled with Asphalt.
ò A stand-alone asphalt manual, written specifically for university laboratory instruction, yet applicable for a commercial testing laboratory. Rarely will other reference materials need to be referred to.
ò Dimensions in both the SI and the US Standard systems of measurement.
ò An appendix with conversion factors, rules of safety and procedures, overview of SHRP SUPERPAVE, explanation of asphalt emulsions, and additional data sheets on single-sided pages.


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16812

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health

 

2nd ed. William Andrew Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780323353236

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health provides a systematic overview of nanoparticle risks and considers the limitations of this paradigm in a context where extreme uncertainties prevail. As well as exploring conventional risk assessment methodology, the contributing authors investigate several alternate approaches. The adequacy of current frameworks for risk management and regulatory oversights, including corporate approaches in the US and EU, are explored, and suggestions are made as to how these frameworks can be modified to make them more efficient and effective. Presenting a coherent framework for analysis of the available information, this book presents the latest scientific understanding of the toxicity and health effects of nanoparticles, the technical issues relating to exposure assessment and management, and the ways in which the current risk paradigm can be used/modified to deal with the challenges of nanoparticle risks. All chapters of this new edition have been thoroughly updated to reflect the many changes in the field since the first edition. Additions and updates in the second edition of the book include:

  • New exposure assessment strategies for nanomaterials including life cycle exposure assessment approaches and detailed information on nanoparticle exposure control and protection in the workplace.
  • A state-of-the-art scientific update on the hazard and risk assessment of nanomaterials: discussion of key additional publications on the toxicology and biokinetics of nanomaterials; available data and methods to characterize the health hazard and risk of exposure to nanomaterials in the workplace; additional examples of the use of such data and methods to develop occupational safety and health guidance; and discussion of progress to date, ongoing efforts, and remaining challenges in nanomaterials hazard and risk characterization.
  • New studies on the use of expert judgment in nanotechnology.
  • Quantitative data from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s 4-phase study.
  • A description and evaluation of new CB tools and new ISO technical specifications.
  • A comprehensive update of the legal frameworks in the US and the EU.

With the second edition of Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health Prof. Ramachandran provides researchers and practitioners producing or using nanoparticles, or those involved in nanomaterials risk assessments, technology, health science, policy, safety, environment and regulatory aspects an invaluable reference to adopt the right technologies and strategies and to comply to legal frameworks and regulations. For policy makers and advisory firms it provides the knowledge needed to advise on compliance with or development of new regulations on nanomaterials.

  • Makes essential reading for risk assessment professionals, companies working with nanoparticles, nanotechnology research groups and regulators
  • Explores the use of risk assessment methodologies in an occupational health setting, and their limitations
  • Provides a framework for evidence-based decision making in a context with many uncertainties


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16814

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9781782421047

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

The textile industry impacts the environment in a number of ways, including its use of resources, its impact on global warming, and the amount of pollution and waste it generates. Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain reviews methods used to calculate this environmental impact, including product carbon footprints (PCFs), ecological footprints (EFs), and life cycle assessment (LCA).

The first chapters provide an introduction to the textile supply chain and its environmental impact, and an overview of the methods used to measure this impact. The book goes on to consider different environmental impacts of the industry, including greenhouse gas emissions, the water and energy footprints of the industry, and depletion of resources, as well as the use of LCA to assess the overall environmental impact of the textile industry. It then deals with the practice of measuring these impacts before forming a conclusion about the environmental impact of the industry.

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain provides a standard reference for R&D managers in the textile industry and academic researchers in textile science.

  • Reviews the main methods used to calculate the textile industry’s use of resources, its impact on global warming and the pollution and waste it generates
  • Reviews the key methods, their principles and how they can be applied in practice to measure and reduce the environmental impact of textile products
  • Includes the following calculation methods: product carbon footprints (PCFs), ecological footprints (EFs) and life cycle assessment (LCA)


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16844

Atom Probe Tomography

Put Theory Into Practice

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128046470

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Atom Probe Tomography is aimed at beginners and researchers interested in expanding their expertise in this area. It provides the theoretical background and practical information necessary to investigate how materials work using atom probe microscopy techniques, and includes detailed explanations of the fundamentals, the instrumentation, contemporary specimen preparation techniques, and experimental details, as well as an overview of the results that can be obtained. The book emphasizes processes for assessing data quality and the proper implementation of advanced data mining algorithms.

For those more experienced in the technique, this book will serve as a single comprehensive source of indispensable reference information, tables, and techniques. Both beginner and expert will value the way the book is set out in the context of materials science and engineering. In addition, its references to key research outcomes based upon the training program held at the University of Rouen—the institution which developed the process of atom probe tomography and which remains one of the leading scientific research centers exploring the various aspects of the instrument—will further enhance understanding and the learning process.

  • Provides an introduction to the capabilities and limitations of atom probe tomography when analyzing materials
  • Written for both experienced researchers and new users
  • Includes exercises, along with corrections, for users to practice the techniques discussed
  • Contains coverage of more advanced and less widespread techniques, such as correlative APT and STEM microscopy


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22590

Autonomes Fahren

Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

 

Springer, 2015.

ISBNs 9783662458532 9783662458549

Colección: Directory of Open Access Books


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16954

Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9781782421221

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Natural fiber-reinforced composites have the potential to replace synthetic composites, leading to less expensive, stronger and more environmentally-friendly materials. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance.

The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers. Part I contains chapters on bast fibers, Part II; leaf fibers, Part III; seed fibers, Part IV; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally Part V covers wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. Each chapter reviews a specific type of biofiber providing detailed information on the sources of each fiber, their cultivation, how to process and prepare them, and how to integrate them into composite materials. The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses.

  • The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers - bast, leaf, seed; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers.
  • This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance
  • The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses


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16962

Bioimpedance and Bioelectricity Basics

 

3rd ed. Academic Press, 2015.

ISBNs 9780124114708

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Bioimpedance and Bioelectricity Basics, 3rd Edition paves an easier and more efficient way for people seeking basic knowledge about this discipline. This book's focus is on systems with galvanic contact with tissue, with specific detail on the geometry of the measuring system. Both authors are internationally recognized experts in the field. The highly effective, easily followed organization of the second edition has been retained, with a new discussion of state-of-the-art advances in data analysis, modelling, endogenic sources, tissue electrical properties, electrodes, instrumentation and measurements. This book provides the basic knowledge of electrochemistry, electronic engineering, physics, physiology, mathematics, and model thinking that is needed to understand this key area in biomedicine and biophysics.

  • Covers tissue immittance from the ground up in an intuitive manner, supported with figures and examples
  • New chapters on electrodes and statistical analysis
  • Discusses in detail dielectric and electrochemical aspects, geometry and instrumentation as well as electrical engineering concepts of network theory, providing a cross-disciplinary resource for engineers, life scientists, and physicists


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17013

Biomaterials Nanoarchitectonics

 

William Andrew Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9780323371278

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Biomaterials Nanoarchitectonics, written from the perspectives of authors form NIMS and other researchers worldwide, provides readers with an explanation of the theory and techniques of nanoarchitectonics, exploring its applications in biomedical fields, including regenerative medicine, drug delivery, and diagnostic and treatment systems based on pathogenic mechanisms. The book also explains the use of nanomaterials that enable 'materials therapy', in which the materials themselves elicit a sustainable, curative effect from living tissue.

  • Authored by the team that coined the term nanoarchitectonics, who explain their approach to the design of smart/functional nanomaterials and their applications in the biomedical arena
  • Explores how materials designed and produced with nanoarchitectonics methods can be used to enhance the natural regenerative power of the human body
  • Enables scientists and researchers to gain a deeper understanding of the specific challenges of materials design at the nanoscale


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