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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería y ciencia de los materiales
Subárea: Materiales (ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología)

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Resultado: 408 registro(s)

18673

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)electronic Devices

Properties and Applications

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2013.

ISBNs 9780857092656

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications.

Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices.

The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices.

  • Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials
  • Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices
  • An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists


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18685

Handbook of Recycling

State-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists

 

Elsevier, 2014.

ISBNs 9780123964595

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): ISWA Publication Award 2014: Joint First Place, International Solid Waste Association

Winner of the International Solid Waste Association's 2014 Publication Award, Handbook of Recycling is an authoritative review of the current state-of-the-art of recycling, reuse and reclamation processes commonly implemented today and how they interact with one another. The book addresses several material flows, including iron, steel, aluminum and other metals, pulp and paper, plastics, glass, construction materials, industrial by-products, and more. It also details various recycling technologies as well as recovery and collection techniques. To completely round out the picture of recycling, the book considers policy and economic implications, including the impact of recycling on energy use, sustainable development, and the environment.

With contemporary recycling literature scattered across disparate, unconnected articles, this book is a crucial aid to students and researchers in a range of disciplines, from materials and environmental science to public policy studies.

  • Portrays recent and emerging technologies in metal recycling, by-product utilization and management of post-consumer waste
  • Uses life cycle analysis to show how to reclaim valuable resources from mineral and metallurgical wastes
  • Uses examples from current professional and industrial practice, with policy and economic implications


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18688

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

 

2nd ed. William Andrew Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9780323299657

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

The Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing that examines the state-of-the-art with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS.

The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques, sensors, and multi-scale modeling methods of MEMS structures, silicon crystals, and wafers, also covering micromachining technologies in MEMS and encapsulation of MEMS components.

Furthermore, it provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques, shows how to protect devices from the environment, and provides tactics to decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in costs.

  • Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques
  • Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in packaging costs
  • Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers
  • Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), manufacturing, processing, measuring (including focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures
  • Geared towards practical applications rather than theory


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18690

Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9780857096807

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

A smart coating is defined as one that changes its properties in response to an environmental stimulus. The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection.

Part one explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing. Chapters review corrosion processes and strategies for prevention; smart coatings for corrosion protection; techniques for synthesizing and applying smart coatings; multi-functional, self-healing coatings; and current and future trends of protective coatings for automotive, aerospace, and military applications. Chapters in part two focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection, including self-healing anticorrosion coatings for structural and petrochemical engineering applications; smart self-healing coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys and steel; smart nanocoatings for corrosion detection and control; and recent advances in polyaniline-based organic coatings for corrosion protection. Chapters in part three move on to highlight other types of smart coatings, including smart self-cleaning coatings for corrosion protection; smart polymer nanocomposite water- and oil-repellent coatings for aluminum; UV-curable organic polymer coatings for corrosion protection of steel; smart epoxy coatings for early detection of corrosion in steel and aluminum; and structural ceramics with self-healing properties.

The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection is a valuable reference for those concerned with preventing corrosion, particularly of metals, professionals working within the surface coating industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the field.

  • Reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection
  • Explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing
  • Includes a focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection


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18691

Handbook of Solvents

Vol. 1

 

2nd ed. ChemTec Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9781895198645

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Each chapter in this volume is focused on a specific set of solvent properties which determine its choice, effect on properties of solutes and solutions, properties of different groups of solvents and the summary of their applications' effect. This includes effects on health and environment (given in tabulated form), swelling of solids in solvents, solvent diffusion and drying processes, nature of interaction of solvent and solute in solutions, acid-base interactions, effect of solvents on spectral and other electronic properties of solutions, effect of solvents on rheology of solution, aggregation of solutes, permeability, molecular structure, crystallinity, configuration, and conformation of dissolved high molecular weight compounds, methods of application of solvent mixtures to enhance the range of their applicability, and effect of solvents on chemical reactions and reactivity of dissolved substances.

  • Provides key insight to help engineers and scientists select the best solvent for the job
  • Practical information and ideas to improve existing processes involving solvents
  • Brings together the latest advances in solvent technology and applications


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18701

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

 

2nd ed. William Andrew Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9780323221368

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture.

TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application.

In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered.

  • Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs
  • Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers
  • Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries


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18729

Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials

Polymer Nancomposites and Other Materials Containing Nanoparticles

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9780857096555

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials addresses concerns about the impact of nanomaterials on the environment and human health, and examines the safety of specific nanomaterials. Understanding the unique chemical and physical properties of nanostructures has led to many developments in the applications of nanocomposite materials. While these materials have applications in a huge range of areas, their potential for toxicity must be thoroughly understood.

Part one introduces the properties of nanomaterials, nanofillers, and nanocomposites, and questions whether they are more toxic than their bulk counterparts. Part two looks at the release and exposure of nanomaterials. The text covers sampling techniques and data analysis methods used to assess nanoparticle exposure, as well as protocols for testing the safety of polymer nanocomposites. It explains characterization techniques of airborne nanoparticles and life cycle assessment of engineered nanomaterials. Part three focuses on the safety of certain nanomaterials, including nanolayered silicates, carbon nanotubes, and metal oxides. In particular, it explores the potential ecotoxicological hazards associated with the different structures of carbon nanotubes and the safe recycling of inorganic and carbon nanoparticles. The final two chapters address the risks of nanomaterials in fire conditions: their thermal degradation, flammability, and toxicity in different fire scenarios.

This is a scientific guide with technical background for professionals using nanomaterials in industry, scientists, academicians, research scholars, and polymer engineers. It also offers a deep understanding of the subject for undergraduate and postgraduate students.

  • Introduces the properties of nanomaterials, nanofillers, and nanocomposites, and questions whether they are more toxic than their bulk counterparts
  • Covers sampling techniques and data analysis methods used to assess nanoparticle exposure, as well as protocols for testing the safety of polymer nanocomposites
  • Explores the potential ecotoxicological hazards associated with the different structures of carbon nanotubes and the safe recycling of inorganic and carbon nanoparticles


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18757

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification

 

William Andrew Publishing, 2015.

ISBNs 9780323393102

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

In Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification, the authors introduce various heterogeneous photocatalysts based on novel nanostructures of metal oxide semiconductors and graphene used for water purification, including TiO2, Fe2O3, SnO2, WO3 and g-C3N4, and outlines their advantages and drawbacks. The nanocomposite-photocatalysts ZnO and CdS are compared with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), a rapidly growing materials system. The authors describe how the photocatalytic activity of known nanomaterials can be improved by modifying the structural and optical properties (i.e., phase composition).

  • Introductory portion of the book includes a brief survey of all different kinds of heterogeneous photocatalysts
  • Discusses the possible photocatalysis mechanism occurring during the degradation of different toxic pollutants
  • Provides the photoelectrochemical measurement for synthesized catalysts, supporting the effective transportation of photoelectrons resulting into better catalytic properties


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18760

Heterostructure Lasers, Part A

 

Academic Press, 1978.

ISBNs 9780121631017

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Heterostructure Lasers, Part A: Fundamental Principles deals with the fundamental principles, preparation, and operating characteristics of heterostructure lasers. Each major topic is introduced along with the basic laws that govern the observed phenomena. The expressions relevant to heterostructure lasers are derived from the basic laws, and realistic numerical examples based on the GaAs-AlxGa1-xAs heterostructure are given.
This book is comprised of four chapters and begins with a discussion on some of the early studies of injection lasers and an overview of the fundamental concepts of heterostructure lasers. Stimulated emission and room temperature continuous-wave operation with injection lasers are described, together with the fundamentals of waveguiding, gain, and carrier confinement in heterostructures. Optical fields and wave propagation are considered, along with slab-electric waveguides; the relationships between absorption, stimulated emission, and spontaneous emission; optical absorption and emission rates in semiconductors; and electrical properties of heterojunctions.
This monograph will be of interest to physicists.


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18761

Heterostructure Lasers, Part B

 

Academic Press, 1978.

ISBNs 9780121631024

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Heterostructure Lasers, Part B: Materials and Operating Characteristics focuses on the operating characteristics of heterostructure lasers and the semiconductor materials used to fabricate them. Each major topic is introduced along with the basic laws that govern the observed phenomena. The expressions relevant to heterostructure lasers are derived from the basic laws, and realistic numerical examples based on the GaAs-AlxGa1-xAs heterostructure are given.
This book is comprised of four chapters and begins with a discussion on semiconductor materials that have been used most extensively to fabricate heterostructure injection lasers, particularly combinations of III-V compounds. IV-VI binary compounds and their solutions are described, along with compositional grading for heterostructure lasers. The next chapter presents the phase equilibria, impurity incorporation, and the epitaxial growth techniques for heterostructure lasers, namely, liquid-phase epitaxy, molecular-beam epitaxy, and chemical vapor deposition. The fabrication and operating characteristics of both broad-area and stripe-geometry heterostructure lasers are then examined. The final chapter is devoted to the degradation of heterostructure lasers, with emphasis on catastrophic mirror damage at high power densities, ""dark-line defect"" formation, and gradual degradation.
This monograph will be of interest to physicists.


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