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Gran Área: Ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología
Área: Ingeniería y ciencia de los materiales
Subárea: Materiales (ingeniería, ciencia y tecnología)

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Resultado: 408 registro(s)

21250

Folk Classification of Ceramics, The

A Study Of Cognitive Prototypes

 

Academic Press, 1981.

ISBNs 9780124040809

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): The Folk Classification of Ceramics: A Study of Cognitive Prototypes provides a general understanding of folk classification that compares cognitive structures across cultures through anthropological field studies.
The topic of this book, the structure and use of folk categories, is relevant to all cognitive sciences and is distinctly anthropological in examining variation among subcultural groups and change through time. The study of variation and change illuminates aspects of category structure that would not be envisioned from experiment or introspection.
This text concentrates on the study of folk classification of artifacts on ceramic vessels, focusing on gross social groupings such as “potters” or “traditional villages”. Some topics discussed include the exploring interview techniques; structure of vessel categories; subcultural variation; and semantic change.
This publication is a good reference to students studying folk classification and other disciplines such as cognitive psychology, linguistic semantics, and artificial intelligence.

* Focuses on the process of risk assessment, management and communication, the key to the study of air pollution.
* Provides the latest information on the technological breakthroughs in environmental engineering since last edition
* Updated information on computational and diagnostic and operational tools that have emerged in recent years.


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18269

Food Safety

A Roadmap to Success

 

Academic Press, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128031049

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Food Safety: A Roadmap to Success is a hands-on book that discusses the key pieces of the food safety puzzle, culture, management commitment, organizational structure, implementation, and the glue that holds it together, communication/education/training, influence, accountability, and metrics.

By utilizing this information, food safety professionals can protect their companies’ brands, customers, and consumers, and get the resources (people, money, and departmental cooperation) they need to effectively do their jobs and be successful.

  • Provides practical information that helps readers determine which culture they currently have in their workplace
  • Offers a framework to greatly reduce food safety risks
  • Presents pertinent information in tables, outlining differences in approach by size and food industry segment
  • Includes solid recommendations and further resources applicable to all levels within an organization to ensure success
  • Covers fundamental principles of change management through open communication, education, and measurement implementation


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18325

Friction Stir Processing for Enhanced Low Temperature Formability

A volume in the Friction Stir Welding and Processing Book Series

 

Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014.

ISBNs 9780124201132

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

The use of friction stir processing to locally modify the microstructure to enhanced formability has the potential to alter the manufacturing of structural shapes. There is enough research to put together a short monograph detailing the fundamentals and key findings. One example of conventional manufacturing technique for aluminum alloys involves fusion welding of 5XXX series alloys. This can be replaced by friction stir welding, friction stir processing and forming. A major advantage of this switch is the enhanced properties. However qualification of any new process involves a series of tests to prove that material properties of interest in the friction stir welded or processed regions meet or exceed those of the fusion welded region (conventional approach). This book will provide a case study of Al5083 alloy with some additional examples of high strength aluminum alloys.

  • Demonstrates how friction stir processing enabled forming can expand the design space by using thick sheet/plate for applications where pieces are joined because of lack of formability
  • Opens up new method for manufacturing of structural shapes
  • Shows how the process has the potential to lower the cost of a finished structure and enhance the design allowables


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18326

Friction Stir Superplasticity for Unitized Structures

 

Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014.

ISBNs 9780124200067

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

This book describes the fundamentals and potential applications of ‘friction stir superplasticity for unitized structures’. Conventional superplastic forming of sheets is limited to the thickness of 3 mm because the fine grained starting material is produced by rolling. Friction stir superplasticity has grown rapidly in the last decade because of the effectiveness of microstructural refinement. The thickness of the material remains almost constant, and that allows for forming of thick sheets/plates, which was not possible before. The field has reached a point where designers have opportunities to expand the extent of unitized structures, which are structures in which the traditional primary part and any supporting structures are fabricated as a single unit. With advanced optimization and material considerations, this class of structures can be lighter weight and more efficient, making them less costly, as well as mechanically less complex, reducing areas of possible failure.

  • Discusses how friction stir processing allows selective microstructural refinement without thickness change
  • Demonstrates how higher thickness sheets and plates can be superplastically formed
  • Examples are presented for aluminum, magnesium and titanium alloys
  • Covers the production of low-cost unitized structures by selectively processing cast sheets/plates


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18327

Friction Stir Welding of Dissimilar Alloys and Materials

 

Butterworth-Heinemann, 2015.

ISBNs 9780128024188

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

This book will summarize research work carried out so far on dissimilar metallic material welding using friction stir welding (FSW). Joining of dissimilar alloys and materials are needed in many engineering systems and is considered quite challenging. Research in this area has shown significant benefit in terms of ease of processing, material mixing, and superior mechanical properties such as joint efficiencies. A summary of these results will be discussed along with potential guidelines for designers.

  • Explains solid phase process and distortion of work piece
  • Addresses dimensional stability and repeatability
  • Addresses joint strength
  • Covers metallurgical properties in the joint area
  • Covers fine microstructure
  • Introduces improved materials use (e.g., joining different thicknesses)
  • Covers decreased fuel consumption in light weight aircraft
  • Addresses automotive and ship applications


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18343

Frontiers of Materials Research

Electronic and Optical Materials - Proceedings of the Symposia N: Frontiers of Materials Research, A: High Tc Superconductors, and D: Optoelectronic Materials and Functional Crystals of the C-MRS International 1990 Conference Beijing, China, 18–22 Ju

 

Elsevier, 1991.

ISBNs 9780444888259

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Frontiers of Materials Research/Electronic And Optical Materials: Volume I is part of a five-volume compilation of the proceedings of C-MRS International 1990 Conference held in Beijing, China. The said conference discusses the areas of research in materials science.
The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 covers topics involved in the development and progress of materials such as the focused beam ion; intermetallic compounds; polymers; and the application of computers in the field. Part 2 includes studies related to high Tc superconductors such as methods related to the field; the effects of oxygen and partial pressure on the properties of superconducting; and the study of superconductivity and crystallography. Part 3 presents papers related optoelectronic materials and functional crystals, which are mostly about the growth, properties, and uses of the different crystals being studied in each paper.
The text is recommended for scientists and engineers who would like to know more about the field of materials science, especially those who would like to be involved in materials research.


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21254

Fullerenes, The

 

Pergamon, 1993.

ISBNs 9780080421520

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Until recently, the element carbon was believed to exhibit only two main allotropic forms, diamond and graphite. Research in the US and Europe has now confirmed the existence of a third previously unknown form - buckminsterfullerene (C60) and its relatives, the fullerenes (C24, C28, C32, C70 etc).

The story of fullerene chemistry, physics and materials science began in 1985, almost twenty years after the existence of a spherical carbon cluster was first considered. In September 1985 a joint Sussex/Rice Universities team including Kroto, Heath, O'Brien, Curl and Smalley used a powerful mass spectrometric technique to identify the C+60 species, and proposed a spherical structure and the name buckminsterfullerene. It was not, however, until Krätschmer and Huffman reported the isolation of crystals of C60 in 1990 that the closed cage structure of C60 could be confirmed.

The Fullerenes documents the work leading up to 1990 and more recent developments in the field of fullerene research and will serve as an indispensible reference tool for all workers in this area.


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18353

Functional Dyes

 

Elsevier Science, 2006.

ISBNs 9780444521767

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): In the last 10 years organic dyes, traditionally used for coloring textiles and other materials, have become increasingly important in the hi-tech industries of electronics and optoelectronics. They can be used in optical data storage, new solar cells and biomedical sensors.
Functional Dyes discusses the synthesis of these new, high-value dyes and pigments as well as their applications and performance. The chapters are arranged so that the reader logically advances from the fundamental concepts to more practical aspects of the technology in which they are used.
In providing the reader with current information on functional dye chemistry, as well as important developments within the field, Functional Dyes is a valuable information source for dye and material chemists, researchers and graduates, who want a summary of the key advances in the field over the last 10 years and an authoritative view on future developments.

* Provides a broad introduction to the science technology of the functional dye application
* Reviews recent advances on synthesis and characteristics of the functional dyes and their applications
* Is a valuable information source for dye and material chemists and researchers


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18368

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics

 

Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

ISBNs 9781782424642

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy.

This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics.

Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors.

  • Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics
  • Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics
  • Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors


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18378

Fundamentals of Equilibrium and Steady-State Thermodynamics

 

Elsevier Science, 2000.

ISBNs 9780444504265

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): This book summarizes the salient features of both equilibrium and steady-state thermodynamic theory under a uniform postulatory viewpoint. The emphasis is upon the formal aspects and logical structure of thermodynamic theory, allowing it to emerge as a coherent whole, unfettered by much of those details which - albeit indispensable in practical applications - tend to obscure this coherent structure. Largely because of this, statistical mechanics and reference to molecular structure are, barring an occasional allusion, avoided. The treatment is, therefore, 'classical', or - using a perhaps more appropriate word - 'phenomenological'.
The volume almost exclusively deals with 'ideal' systems, given that the treatment of 'real' systems properly belongs in the realm of applied, rather than theoretical thermodynamics. For these reasons, only selected ideal systems are covered. Ideal gases are discussed extensively. The ideal solution is treated as an example of a liquid system. The amorphous ideal rubber serves as an example of a solid. The formalism developed in these sections is a model for the treatment of other, more complex systems. This short structural overview is written in the hope that a knowledge of steady-state theory will deepen readers' understanding of thermodynamics as a whole.


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