An introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics for Engineers
Elsevier Science B.V., 2004.
Resumen (en inglés): This book is a beginners introduction to chemical thermodynamics for engineers. In the textbook efforts have been made to visualize as clearly as possible the main concepts of thermodynamic quantities such as enthalpy and entropy, thus making them more perceivable. Furthermore, intricate formulae in thermodynamics have been discussed as functionally unified sets of formulae to understand their meaning rather than to mathematically derive them in detail.
In this textbook, the affinity of irreversible processes, defined by the second law of thermodynamics, has been treated as the main subject, rather than the equilibrium of chemical reactions. The concept of affinity is applicable in general not only to the processes of chemical reactions but also to all kinds of irreversible processes.
This textbook also includes electrochemical thermodynamics in which, instead of the classical phenomenological approach, molecular science provides an advanced understanding of the reactions of charged particles such as ions and electrons at the electrodes. Recently, engineering thermodynamics has introduced a new thermodynamic potential called exergy, which essentially is related to the concept of the affinity of irreversible processes. This textbook discusses the relation between exergy and affinity and explains the exergy balance diagram and exergy vector diagram applicable to exergy analyses in chemical manufacturing processes. This textbook is written in the hope that the readers understand in a broad way the fundamental concepts of energy and exergy from chemical thermodynamics in practical applications. Finishing this book, the readers may easily step forward further into an advanced text of their specified line.
- Visualizes the main concepts of thermodynamics to show the meaning of the quantities and formulae. - Focuses mainly on the affinity of irreversible processes and the related concept of exergy. - Provides an advanced understanding of electrochemical thermodynamics.
Resumen (en inglés): China's prosperity is at the core of the emerging Platinum Age of global economic growth. Rapid economic growth has been underpinned by expansion in its domestic markets, and the integration of domestic and international markets in goods, services, capital, labour and foreign exchange. Global commodity prices have reached historic highs, while China's capital outflows have helped to hold down interest rates worldwide. Linking markets, both domestic and international, has been key to China's success. In sustaining its strong economic growth, China has become one of the world's most voracious consumers of energy. The challenge now facing the government and people of China is in achieving cooperation with the international community to avert the costs-both economic and environmental-of accelerating energy consumption. China-Linking Markets for Growth gathers together leading scholars on China's economic success and its effect on the world economy into the next few decades.
Licencia de uso: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Resumen (en inglés): Classical Mechanics focuses on the use of calculus to solve problems in classical mechanics. Topics covered include motion in one dimension and three dimensions; the harmonic oscillator; vector algebra and vector calculus; and systems of particles. Coordinate systems and central forces are also discussed, along with rigid bodies and Lagrangian mechanics.
Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with a crash course (or brief refresher) in the BASIC computer language and its immediate application to solving the harmonic oscillator. The discussion then turns to kinematics and dynamics in one dimension; three-dimensional harmonic oscillators; moving and rotating coordinate systems; and central forces in relation to potential energy and angular momentum. Subsequent chapters deal with systems of particles and rigid bodies as well as statics, Lagrangian mechanics, and fluid mechanics. The last chapter is devoted to the theory of special relativity and addresses concepts such as spacetime coordinates, simultaneity, Lorentz transformations, and the Doppler effect.
This monograph is written to help students learn to use calculus effectively to solve problems in classical mechanics.