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Gran Área: Ciencias médicas y de la salud
Área: Ciencias médicas y de la salud (general)
Subárea: Ciencias médicas y de la salud (general)

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Resultado: 540 registro(s)

21165

Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Turtles of the World, The

 

Academic Press, 2014.

ISBNs 9780128013670

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Turtles of the World is an invaluable resource for researchers in protozoology, coccidia, and parasitology, veterinary sciences, animal sciences, zoology, and biology. This first-of-its-kind work offers a taxonomic guide to apicomplexan parasites of turtles that enables easy parasite identification, with a summary of virtually everything known about the biology of each known parasite species. It is an important documentation of this specific area, useful to a broad base of readers, including researchers in biology, parasitology, animal husbandry, diseases of wild and domestic animals, veterinary medicine, and faculty members in universities with graduate programs in these areas.

There are about 330 turtle species on Earth; many are endangered, a growing number of species are kept as pets, and some are still used as food by humans. Turtles, like other vertebrate animals have many different kinds of parasites (viruses, bacteria, protozoa, worms, arthropods, and others). Coccidiosis in turtles has prevented large-scale turtle breeding, and represents a serious problem in need of control. This succinct and highly focused book will aid in that effort.

  • Offers line drawings and photomicrographs of each parasite from each hosts species
  • Provides methods of identification and treatment
  • Presents a complete historical rendition of all known publications on coccidia (and their closest relatives) from all turtle species on Earth, and evaluates the scientific and scholarly merit of each
  • Provides a complete species analysis of the known biology of every coccidian described from turtles
  • Reviews the most current taxonomy of turtles and their phylogenetic relationships needed to help assess host-specificity and evaluate what little cross-transmission work is available


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21178

Biology of Thought, The

A Neuronal Mechanism in the Generation of Thought–A New Molecular Model

 

Academic Press, 2015.

ISBNs 9780128009000

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

The question of "what is thought" has intrigued society for ages, yet it is still a puzzle how the human brain can produce a myriad of thoughts and can store seemingly endless memories. All we know is that sensations received from the outside world imprint some sort of molecular signatures in neurons – or perhaps synapses – for future retrieval. What are these molecular signatures, and how are they made? How are thoughts generated and stored in neurons? The Biology of Thought explores these issues and proposes a new molecular model that sheds light on the basis of human thought. Step-by-step it describes a new hypothesis for how thought is produced at the micro-level in the brain – right at the neuron.

Despite its many advances, the neurobiology field lacks a comprehensive explanation of the fundamental aspects of thought generation at the neuron level, and its relation to intelligence and memory. Derived from existing research in the field, this book attempts to lay biological foundations for this phenomenon through a novel mechanism termed the "Molecular-Grid Model" that may explain how biological electrochemical events occurring at the neuron interact to generate thoughts. The proposed molecular model is a testable hypothesis that hopes to change the way we understand critical brain function, and provides a starting point for major advances in this field that will be of interest to neuroscientists the world over.

  • Written to provide a comprehensive coverage of the electro-chemical events that occur at the neuron and how they interact to generate thought
  • Provides physiology-based chapters (functional anatomy, neuron physiology, memory) and the molecular mechanisms that may shape thought
  • Contains a thorough description of the process by which neurons convert external stimuli to primary thoughts


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17002

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter

In the Indo-Burma Hotspot Region

 

Elsevier, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128051351

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Air pollution originating from rapid industrialization, urbanization, population growth and economic development has disturbed the urban ecosystems of ecologically sensitive regions like the Indo-Burma hot spot, and they are under severe air pollution stress with limited resources to collect data on what is happening. Air pollutants comprised of both particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants may cause adverse health effects in human, affect plant life and impact the global environment by changing the atmosphere of the earth. It is now well established that urban PM may also contain magnetic particles along with other air pollutants. Biomonitoring of PM through magnetic properties, known as biomagnetic monitoring, measures the magnetic parameters of dust loaded plant leaves, giving a new opportunity to monitor. Compared to existing conventional technologies, biomagnetic monitoring is an eco-friendly technique perfect in urban areas.

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter reviews the issues with PM and the potential of these methods to on tropical vegetation on a variety of flora which represent the biodiversity of the Indo-Burma Hot Spot.

  • Bio-magnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter gives a comprehensive overview of the issue of particulate pollution and monitoring
  • Cases of magnetic biomonitoring across different environments are included to demonstrate this emerging technique as a way to measure particulate pollution
  • Coverage includes a comparison to other techniques as well as why it works well ecological diverse developing areas which are data scarce, like the Indo-Burma Hot Spot
  • A review of the detrimental health impacts of Particulate Matter reinforces the importance for this type of data to be available universally


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17028

Biomolecular Electronics

Bioelectronics and the Electrical Control of Biological Systems and Reactions

 

William Andrew Publishing, 2014.

ISBNs 9781455731428

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Biomolecular Electronics – the electrical control of biological phenomena – is a scientific challenge that, once fully realized, will find a wide range of applications from electronics and computing to medicine and therapeutic techniques. This new arena of biomolecular electronics is approached using familiar concepts from many areas such as electrochemistry, device electronics and some mechanisms of gene expression level control. Practical techniques are explored by which electrical and electronic means can be used to control biological reactions and processes. Also, the current and future applications for this new and expanding field are discussed. This book is aimed at scientists and engineers involved in both research and commercial applications across fields including bioelectronics, bionanotechnology, electrochemistry and nanomedicine – providing a state-of-the-art survey of what's going on at the boundary between biology and electronic technology at the micro- and nano- scales, along with a suggestive insight into future possible developments.

  • Demystifies the science and applications of electrically-driven biological reactions.
  • Explains how the techniques of bioelectronics and electrochemistry can be deployed as biological control technologies.
  • Provides applications information for diverse areas from bio-electrochemistry to electrical control of gene expression levels.


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17036

Bioprocessing for Value-Added Products from Renewable Resources

New Technologies and Applications

 

Elsevier, 2007.

ISBNs 9780444521149

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): Bioprocessing for Value-Added Products from Renewable Resources provides a timely review of new and unconventional techniques to manufacture high-value products based on simple biological material. The current source for most chemicals and materials is petroleum. Anticipation of its limited future availability, along with record high prices has spurred interest in alternatives that will be both sustainable and cost-effective.
In a very structured way this book begins by describing the modern technologies that form the basis for creating a bio-based industry. Next it lists the various organisms that are suitable for bioprocessing -from bacteria to algae- and it gives their unique characteristics. These first two parts set the stage for a variety of novel, experimental bioprocesses, such as the production of medicinal chemicals, the production of chiral compounds and the design of biofuel cells. Concludes with examples where biological, renewable resources become an important feedstock for large-scale industrial production.
Bioprocessing for Value-Added Products from Renewable Resources provides a unique perspective of the industry and the field and serves as an important guide towards the future. The book is suitable for researchers, practitioners, students, and consultants in the bioprocess and biotechnology fields.

·Reviews the principles underpinning modern industrial biotechnology
·Provides a unique collection of novel bioprocesses for a sustainable future
·Gives examples of economical use of renewable resources as feedstocks
·Suitable for both non-experts and experts in the bioproduct industry


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17037

Biorefineries

Integrated Biochemical Processes for Liquid Biofuels

 

Elsevier, 2014.

ISBNs 9780444594983

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Biorefineries outlines the processes and steps to successfully scale up production of two types of biofuels, butanol and ethanol, from cellulosic residues for commercial purposes. It covers practical topics, including biomass availability, pretreatment, fermentation, and water recycling, as well as policy and economic factors. This reflects the unique expertise of the editor team, whose backgrounds range from wood and herbaceous feedstocks to process economics and industrial expertise. The strategies presented in this book help readers to design integrated and efficient processes to reduce the cost of production and achieve an economically viable end product

  • Outlines the economic benefits of designing a single operational process.
  • Includes all currently available processes on pretreatment, fermentation and recovery
  • Covers all pretreatment, fermentation, and product recovery options
  • Focuses on biofuels but acts as a stepping stone to develop cost-efficient processes for an array of commodity chemicals


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17038

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy

 

Elsevier, 2016.

ISBNs 9780128028308

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy provides a common platform for scientists from various backgrounds to find sustainable solutions to environmental issues, including the ever-growing lack of water resources which are under immense pressure due to land degradation, pollution, population explosion, urbanization, and global economic development.

In addition, large amounts of toxic waste have been dispersed in thousands of contaminated sites and bioremediation is emerging as an invaluable tool for environmental clean-up.

The book addresses these challenge by presenting innovative and cost-effective solutions to decontaminate polluted environments, including usage of contaminated land and waste water for bioproducts such as natural fibers, biocomposites, and fuels to boost the economy.

Users will find a guide that helps scientists from various backgrounds find sustainable solutions to these environmental issues as they address the topical issues crucial for understanding new and innovative approaches for sustainable development.

  • Provides a compilation of new information on phytoremediation not found in other books in the present market
  • The first book to link phytoremediation and the bioeconomy
  • Includes strategies to utilize contaminated soils for producing bioresources and co-generation of value chain and value additions products


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17044

Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma

 

Elsevier, 2014.

ISBNs 9780444595768

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma serves as a comprehensive reference on the chemistry and biochemistry of one of the most important microbial agents, Trichoderma, and its use in an increased number of industrial bioprocesses for the synthesis of many biochemicals such as pharmaceuticals and biofuels. This book provides individuals working in the field of Trichoderma, especially biochemical engineers, biochemists and biotechnologists, important information on how these valuable fungi can contribute to the production of a wide range of products of commercial and ecological interest.

  • Provides a detailed and comprehensive coverage of the chemistry, biochemistry and biotechnology of Trichoderma, fungi present in soil and plants
  • Includes most important current and potential applications of Trichoderma in bioengineering, bioprocess technology including bioenergy & biofuels, biopharmaceuticals, secondary metabolites and protein engineering
  • Includes the most recent research advancements made on Trichoderma applications in plant biotechnology and ecology and environment


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17046

Biotechnology and Safety Assessment

 

3rd ed. Academic Press, 2003.

ISBNs 9780126887211

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés): A comprehensive treatise on new developments in biotechnology, the authors of Biotechnology and Safety Assessment, 3e, bring readers an up-to-date review of food safety issues, pre-clinical safety and development of new foods and drugs, plant biotechnology, food allergies and safety assessment, and consumer benefits with regard to genetically modified food.

Tomorrow's foods will be obtained from genetically modified crops, offering consumers higher nutritional value and more of it. Our medications will be obtained through a variety of biotechnological procedures yielding more potent and specific medications for diseases and vaccines. In order to make this view of the future come to light, John A. Thomas and Roy L. Fuchs have updated their classic in order to keep readers one step ahead.

Written by internationally recognized molecular biologists, plant agronomists, microbiologists, toxicologists, nutritionists, and regulatory authorities, this third edition is an excellent and authoritative resource, making it a valuable resource to any biomedical library or scientific bookshelf.

Key Features
* Provides timely coverage on topics of agribiotechnology and biotherapeutics
* Describes the recent progress in genetically modified crops and their safety
* Presents an update of the newer developments in therapeutic agents
* Discusses role of genetically modified microorganisms in the development of new food products
* Outlines various global regulatory issues relating to GM crops
* Addresses environmental and ecological topics related to GM crops


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17047

Biotechnology Entrepreneurship

Starting, Managing, and Leading Biotech Companies

 

Academic Press, 2014.

ISBNs 9780124047303

Colección: ScienceDirect

Resumen (en inglés):

As an authoritative guide to biotechnology enterprise and entrepreneurship, Biotechnology Entrepreneurship and Management supports the international community in training the biotechnology leaders of tomorrow.

Outlining fundamental concepts vital to graduate students and practitioners entering the biotech industry in management or in any entrepreneurial capacity, Biotechnology Entrepreneurship and Management provides tested strategies and hard-won lessons from a leading board of educators and practitioners.

It provides a ‘how-to’ for individuals training at any level for the biotech industry, from macro to micro. Coverage ranges from the initial challenge of translating a technology idea into a working business case, through securing angel investment, and in managing all aspects of the result: business valuation, business development, partnering, biological manufacturing, FDA approvals and regulatory requirements.

An engaging and user-friendly style is complemented by diverse diagrams, graphics and business flow charts with decision trees to support effective management and decision making.

  • Provides tested strategies and lessons in an engaging and user-friendly style supplemented by tailored pedagogy, training tips and overview sidebars
  • Case studies are interspersed throughout each chapter to support key concepts and best practices.
  • Enhanced by use of numerous detailed graphics, tables and flow charts


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